Justice Role Finder
Voting Bloc Analysis
The Constitution Explained
History, Analysis and Traditions
Law & Society
Justices at Work
Supreme Court Encyclopedia
Documents of America
Glossary of Common Legal Terms
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At the top of every Case Summary page is the Case Box Score. The top line of the box score indicates case name. The second line lists the volume of U.S. Reports that officially contains the case. If you click on the volume, you'll be directly linked to the full Supreme Court Decision on FindLaw.
The Case Box Score also contains the decision date and a breakdown of how the justices participated in the case, with links to their profiles. The author of the majority opinion is listed, followed by the authors of the dissenting and concurring opinions. Justices listed in parentheses are those that joined in those specific opinions. The Case Box Score also links to the Transcript Audio when available.
Below the Box Score, the case summary explains the political, social and constitutional context of the case, the holding of the case, and, where appropriate, the historical impact of the case.
Each case also contains a Learn More box that links out to related cases and encyclopedia entries.
Every term, CQ Press authors and editorial staff identify the cases that had the most impact on legislation and society. These cases are identified as CQ Press Key Cases and indicated with this icon:
The landing pages for Justice Profiles contain a narrative biography written by CQ editorial staff, a biographical summary table and a box score. The biographical table includes the member's
The biographical table also contains links to the Key Cases that Justice participated in and a breakdown of all the opinions they wrote.
The box score links out to all of the cases that justice has participated in, grouped by role.
You can find cases that a justice participated in and the roles the justice took in those cases. An individual justice's "role" in a case can be any of the following:
Find the cases in which a justice wrote an opinion, or wrote an opinion in a certain constitutional area, topic designation, or both.
Opinion Alignment goes a step further than the Opinion Finder and allows you to evaluate how often and in what cases two justices sitting on the Court at the same time are allied in specific types of opinions. For example, you can learn how often and in what cases
The search yields two sets of results, each set giving the number of times one justice joined the other’s written opinion. The numbers are links to a list of the cases, which you can then access and organize.
The Supreme Court decides cases by a majority or plurality of justices. The modern Court is made up of nine justices, so the vote outcomes are commonly 9-0, 8-1, 7-2, 6-3, and 5-4. On occasion a justice does not or cannot participate in the case so the total will be less than nine. The Voting Bloc Analysis tool allows the user to find the number of cases and list of cases in which:
Indicate whether you want to see blocs voting together or against each other. Once you select the first justice from the drop-down menu, your options for further selections will be limited to justices who served with the first member you selected.
The search results provide the number of times the bloc of justices you selected were together in the majority and the number of times they were together in the minority, or the number of times the selected bloc of justices voted against each other. The numbers provided in the search results are links to a list of the cases, which you can then access and organize.
The Constitution Explained is a broad array of topics organized to follow the structure of the U.S. Constitution. For example, you can find a variety of documents on such topics as:
History, Analysis, and Traditions provides topical documents related to the historical, institutional and operational development of the Supreme Court. For example, you can find a variety of documents on such topics as:
Justices at Work includes documents exploring the role and nature of being a Supreme Court Justice. For example, you can find information on such topics as:
Authored by legal expert Kenneth Jost, Court Reports are added to the site on a semi-regular basis and provide detailed analysis of current Supreme Court issues.
Thorough explanations and analysis of every court term since 1990.
The CQ Press Supreme Court Collection Encyclopedia provides articles offering general summaries of Supreme Court issues. All articles in the Encyclopedia are taken from CQ Press sources.
Documents of America is a compilation of primary source material from the Supreme Court Collection. Examples include the full-text of the U.S. Constitution, excerpts from Supreme Court opinions, and Federalist Papers.
The Glossary provides definitions of commonly-used legal terms, taken from CQ Press source materials. Browse the glossary by scrolling down the page, or type Ctrl+F to search for a term.