Images of the 1940s
Images of the 1950s
Images of the 1960s
Images of the 1970s
Images of the 1980s
Images of the 1990s
Images of the 2000s
Images of the 2010s
CQ Almanac
CQ Almanac book cover

The Korean War began, presenting the United States and the United Nations with the first military conflict of the Cold War.
Armed Forces Strength


Sen. Joseph McCarthy began his campaign against government employees suspected of communism.
McCarthy Charges, Loyalty Probe


Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of espionage following intelligence that marked them as Soviet agents who compromised the Manhattan Project. A 1950 bill which increased the penalties for espionage foreshadowed their 1953 execution.
Anti-Spying Bill


War hero Dwight D. Eisenhower campaigned successfully against Democratic rival Adlai Stevenson, winning the presidency.
The Presidential Election-1952


Federal funds for highways were released following 1952 appropriations, spurring a boom in highway construction and the spread of the suburban lifestyles.
Federal Aid to Roads


Brown v. Board of Education declared racial segregation in schools unconstitutional. Three years later, President Eisenhower sent National Guard troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, in order to implement school integration.
President Sends Troops to Little Rock


Jonas Salk's polio vaccine is declared safe and becomes widely available to the public, stemming the mass epidemics which had previously plagued America.
Polio Vaccine


The Soviet Union launched Sputnik, initiating the space race with the United States. Congress passed the National Aeronautics and Space Act the following year.
Congress Establishes Civilian Space Agency