1 - 112 of 112 results
Sort By: A-Z | Newest to Oldest
Aguilar v. Felton CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 1, 1985

Aguilar v. Felton Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 provided funding “to local educational institutions to meet the needs of educationally deprived children from low . . .

Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 21, 1991

Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc. An Indiana statute outlawed appearing in a public place “in a state of nudity,” and, as the law applied to entertainment, female dances had to wear at least p . . .

Batson v. Kentucky CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 30, 1986

Batson v. Kentucky James Kirkland Batson, an African American, was prosecuted in Kentucky for second-degree burglary. At trial, the prosecutor used his peremptory challenges to remove all blacks in t . . .

Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 21, 1971

Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics Federal narcotics agents entered Bivens's apartment without a warrant, manacled him in front of his wife and children, threatened to . . .

Board of Education of Westside Community Schools v. Mergens CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 4, 1990

Westside Community Board of Education v. Mergens The Supreme Court's decisions in the early 1960s prohibiting sponsored prayer or Bible readings in public elementary and secondary classrooms provoked . . .

Bowers v. Hardwick CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 30, 1986

Bowers v. Hardwick A Georgia statute criminalized consensual sodomy, providing up to twenty years imprisonment for anyone who “performs or submits to any sexual act involving the sex organs of . . .

Bowsher v. Synar CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 7, 1986

Bowsher v. Synar The purpose of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 was to eliminate the federal budget deficit. If, in any fiscal year, the federal budget deficit exceeded . . .

Brandenburg v. Ohio CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 9, 1969

Brandenburg v. Ohio The Supreme Court reached the position it had been searching for regarding “subversive speech” in the final term of the Warren Court. In a per curiam decision, it did . . .

Buckley v. Valeo CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jan. 30, 1976

Buckley v. Valeo In 1971 Congress passed two statutes to regulate campaign contributions and to substitute public money for private funds in presidential campaigns. In 1974, in the wake of the Waterg . . .

Califano v. Goldfarb CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 2, 1977

Califano v. Goldfarb Leon Goldfarb sued because a federal statute denied him Social Security payments because he had not been receiving at least half of his support from his spouse, Hannah Goldfarb, . . .

Carey v. Population Services International CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 9, 1977

Carey v. Population Services International A New York statute prohibited the sale of contraceptives to anyone under sixteen, the sale of contraceptives except by licensed pharmacists, and the adverti . . .

Chevron U.S.A. Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1984

Chevron U.S.A. v. Natural Resources Defense Council Congress became involved in the quality of the nation's environment in the 1950s and 1960s. The post–World War II boom had created industrial . . .

Chisom v. Roemer, Governor of Louisiana; United States v. Roemer, Governor of Louisiana CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 20, 1991

Chisom v. Roemer, Governor of Louisiana; United States v. Roemer, Governor of Louisiana, decided by a 6-3 vote, June 20, 1991; Stevens wrote the opinion; Scalia, Rehnquist, and Kennedy dissented. In t . . .

City of Richmond v. J.A. Croson Co. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jan. 23, 1989

City of Richmond v. J.A. Croson Co. In 1983 Richmond, Virginia, adopted the Minority Business Utilization Plan, which was modeled on federal “minority set-aside” programs. The ordinance r . . .

Cohen v. Cowles Media Co. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 24, 1991

Cohen v. Cowles Media Co. The dispute at the heart of this case arose from the 1982 Minnesota gubernatorial race, in which Dan Cohen, a Republican political consultant, offered to turn over to report . . .

Coker v. Georgia CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 29, 1977

Coker v. Georgia (433 U.S. 584), decided by votes of 7-2 and 6-3, June 29, 1977. White wrote an opinion announcing the court's decision and setting out the views of four justices; Brennan and Marshall . . .

Committee for Public Education & Religious Liberty v. Nyquist CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1973

Committee for Public Education & Religious Liberty v. Nyquist The New York legislature appropriated funds for the maintenance and repair of religiously affiliated schools, tuition reimbursement grant . . .

Craig v. Boren CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Dec. 20, 1976

Craig v. Boren An Oklahoma law prohibited the sale of 3.2 percent beer to men under age twenty-one and women under eighteen. Two men between the ages of eighteen and twenty-one, Curtis Craig and Mark . . .

Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1990

Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health While Nancy Cruzan was driving home from work, her car hit a patch of ice. The car flipped over, and she was thrown out, landing face down in a shall . . .

Dames & Moore v. Regan CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 2, 1981

Dames & Moore v. Regan In response to the seizure of American citizens working in the American Embassy in Tehran, President Jimmy Carter froze all assets of the Iranian government within the United S . . .

DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services (489 U.S. 189) CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Feb. 22, 1989

DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services (489 U.S. 189), decided by a 6-3 vote, Feb. 22, 1989. Rehnquist wrote the opinion; Brennan, Marshall and Blackmun dissented. A county social . . .

Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 3, 1991

Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co. Thaddeus Donald Edmonson, an African American construction worker, was injured in a job-site accident in Fort Polk, Louisiana, and sued Leesville Concrete Company f . . .

Edwards v. Aguillard CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 19, 1987

Edwards v. Aguillard Louisiana's creationism act—formally called “Balanced Treatment for Creation-Science and Evolution-Science in Public School Instruction”—prohibited the pu . . .

Employment Division, Department of Human Resources of Oregon v. Smith CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 17, 1990

Employment Division, Department of Human Resources of Oregon v. Smith Alfred Smith was a member of the Klamath tribe of southern Oregon, and, after a number of difficult years involving drug and alco . . .

Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 23, 1975

Erznoznik v. City of Jacksonville A Florida statute prohibited drive-in movie theaters from showing films containing nudity if the screen was visible from a street or public place. Richard Erznoznik, . . .

Federal Communications Commission v. Pacifica Foundation CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 3, 1978

Federal Communications Commission v. Pacifica Foundation In October 1973 a New York City radio station owned by Pacifica Foundation played a twelve-minute monologue by Grammy Award-win . . .

Firefighters Local Union #1784 v. Stotts CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 12, 1984

Firefighters Local Union #1784 v. Stotts, decided by a 6-3 vote, June 11, 1984. White wrote the opinion; Brennan, Marshall and Stevens dissented. Federal judges may not override a valid seniority syst . . .

First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 26, 1978

First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti Two national banks and three corporations sued the attorney general of Massachusetts to challenge a state criminal statute forbidding banks and corporations . . .

Flast v. Cohen CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 10, 1968

Flast v. Cohen The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 provided massive amounts of federal aid to public, private, and parochial schools. Florence Flast and other taxpayers filed suit in N . . .

Flood v. Kuhn CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 19, 1972

Flood v. Kuhn, decided by a 5-3 vote, June 19, 1972. Blackmun wrote the opinion; Powell did not participate; Douglas, Brennan and Marshall dissented. Professional baseball remains exempt from federal . . .

Frontiero v. Richardson CQP Key Case, Case Summary
May 14, 1973

Frontiero v. Richardson Sharon Frontiero, a lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force, challenged a federal statute that provided an extra housing allowance and extra medical benefits to all married men in th . . .

Fullilove v. Klutznick CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 2, 1980

Fullilove v. Klutznick The “minority business enterprise” (MBE) provision of the Public Works Employment Act of 1977 required that at least 10 percent of all federal funds disbursed for l . . .

Furman v. Georgia CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 29, 1972

Furman v. Georgia This case involved three appeals from death penalty convictions, one for murder and two for rape. The cases came from Georgia and Texas. The majority held that the death penalty, as . . .

Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Feb. 19, 1985

Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority The question before the Supreme Court was whether the San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (SAMTA), a public transit authority organized on . . .

Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1974

Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. Elmer Gertz, a Chicago lawyer, represented the family of a young boy named Nelson, who had been shot by Nuccio, a Chicago police officer. Nuccio was eventually convicted o . . .

Gravel v. U.S., U.S. v. Gravel CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 29, 1972

Gravel v. U.S., U.S. v. Gravel, decided by a 5-4 vote, June 29, 1972. White wrote the opinion; Douglas, Stewart, Brennan and Marshall dissented. The constitutional immunity of members of Congress ext . . .

Gregg v. Georgia CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 2, 1976

Gregg v. Georgia In Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238 (1972), the Court struck down all of the nation's death penalty statutes. The Court said that because the statutes failed to provide . . .

Harris v. McRae CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 30, 1980

Harris v. McRae The Medicaid program was established in 1965 as Title XIX of the Social Security Act. Title XIX provided federal financial assistance to states to reimburse certain costs of medical t . . .

Hodgson v. Minnesota, Minnesota v. Hodgson CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1990

Hodgson v. Minnesota, Minnesota v. Hodgson, decided by separate 5-4 votes, June 25, 1990; Stevens wrote the opinion striking down a statute that required a teen-age girl to notify both biological pare . . .

Hustler Magazine, Inc. v. Falwell CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Feb. 24, 1988

Hustler Magazine v. Falwell Hustler magazine ran a parody of an advertisement on the inside front cover of its November 1983 issue. Copying the format of a Campari Liqueur advertisement featuring pub . . .

Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 23, 1983

Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha Jagdish Rai Chadha, an East Indian born in Kenya, held a British passport when he was lawfully admitted to the United States in 1966 on a student visa . . .

In re Winship CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 31, 1970

In re Winship When a juvenile is legally judged to be a delinquent, the Fourteenth Amendment Due Process Clause requires that he be provided with a hearing. In In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 . . .

Ingraham v. Wright CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 19, 1977

Ingraham v. Wright Challenging the constitutionality of corporal punishment in public schools, junior high school students James Ingraham and Roosevelt Andrews sued the Dade County, Florida, public s . . .

Johnson v. Transportation Agency, Santa Clara County CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 24, 1987

Johnson v. Transportation Agency, Santa Clara County In 1980 Paul E. Johnson, an employee for the Transportation Agency in Santa Clara County, California, was passed over for promotion to road dispat . . .

King v. Smith CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 17, 1968

King v. Smith Alabama, like every other state and U.S. territory, participated in the federal government's Aid to Families with Dependent Children Program (AFDC). The state's Department of Pensions a . . .

Laird v. Tatum CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 26, 1972

Laird v. Tatum, decided by a 5-4 vote, June 26, 1972. Burger wrote the opinion; Douglas, Brennan, Stewart and Marshall dissented. Persons who cannot claim that their own activities have been affected . . .

Lassiter v. Department of Social Services CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 1, 1981

Lassiter v. Department of Social Services In 1975 a North Carolina court determined that Abby Gail Lassiter's infant son, William, was neglected after hearing evidence that Lassiter failed to obtain . . .

Lemon v. Kurtzman CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 28, 1971

Lemon v. Kurtzman The Court decided three cases—Lemon v. Kurtzman from Pennsylvania and Earley v. DiCenso and Robinson v. DiCenso from Rhode Island and developed a test, known as the Lemon tes . . .

Lujan, Secretary of the Interior v. National Wildlife Federation CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 27, 1990

Lujan, Secretary of the Interior v. National Wildlife Federation, decided by a 5-4 vote, June 27, 1990; Scalia wrote the opinion; Blackmun, Brennan, Marshall, and Stevens dissented. The National Wildl . . .

Lynch v. Donnelly CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 5, 1984

Lynch v. Donnelly The town of Pawtucket, Rhode Island, annually placed a holiday “ display” in a private park owned by a nonprofit organization. The city owned the materials in the displa . . .

Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 19, 1988

Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association Native Americans sought to enjoin the U.S. Forest Service from building a six-mile road in a national forest, claiming the road would interrup . . .

Marsh v. Chambers (463 U.S. 783) CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 5, 1983

Marsh v. Chambers (463 U.S. 783), decided by a 6-3 vote, July 5, 1983. Burger wrote the opinion; Brennan, Marshall and Stevens dissented. The First Amendment ban on establishment of religion is not of . . .

Maryland v. Craig CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 27, 1990

Maryland v. Craig, decided by a 5-4 vote, June 27, 1990; O'Connor wrote the opinion; Scalia, Brennan, Marshall, and Stevens dissented. States may shield victims of child abuse by allowing them to test . . .

McCleskey v. Kemp CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 22, 1987

McCleskey v. Kemp In 1978 a jury in Atlanta, Georgia, convicted Warren McCleskey, an African American, for killing a white policeman during a robbery. The jury recommended the death sentence. After u . . .

Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson (477 U.S. 57) CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 19, 1986

Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson (477 U.S. 57), decided by a 9-0 vote, June 19, 1986. Rehnquist wrote the opinion. In its first ruling on the issue, the court held that sexual harassment in the work pla . . .

Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commission CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 27, 1990

Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commission In an endorsement of affirmative action, the Supreme Court ruled that Congress may order preferential treatment of blacks and other minor . . .

Michael H. v. Gerald D. (491 U.S. 110) CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 15, 1989

Michael H. v. Gerald D. (491 U.S. 110), decided by a 5-4 vote, June 15, 1989. Scalia wrote the opinion; White, Brennan, Marshall and Blackmun dissented. The Court refused to invalidate a state law tha . . .

Michael M. v. Superior Court of Sonoma County CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 23, 1981

Michael M. v. Superior Court of Sonoma County Michael M., a seventeen-and-a-half-year-old boy, was charged with violating California's statutory rape law for having sex with a girl under eighteen yea . . .

Miller v. California CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 21, 1973

Miller v. California In this case, the Supreme Court tried to resolve the conflict between the efforts of communities to regulate obscene material and the freedom of expression and of adults to read . . .

Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 1, 1982

Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan The state-supported Mississippi University for Women had, historically, limited its enrollment to women. In 1971 the university established a nursing school, . . .

Mistretta v. United States CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jan. 18, 1989

Mistretta v. United States Congress passed the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 to standardize criminal punishments. The impetus for the law was the recognition that without uniform guidelines for sente . . .

Moore v. City of East Cleveland CQP Key Case, Case Summary
May 31, 1977

Moore v. City of East Cleveland Inez Moore lived in the City of East Cleveland with her son and his child. Another grandson, John, moved in with Moore after his mother died. Under a city housing ordi . . .

Morrison v. Olson CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 27, 1988

Morrison v. Olson In the aftermath of the Watergate scandals and, in particular, the firing of Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox by President Richard Nixon, Congress enacted the Ethics in Government A . . .

NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. (458 U.S. 886) CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 2, 1982

NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. (458 U.S. 886), decided by an 8-0 vote, July 2, 1982. Stevens wrote the opinion; Marshall did not participate in the decision. A non-violent 1966 boycott by civil righ . . .

National League of Cities v. Usery CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 24, 1976

National League of Cities v. Usery When it was first enacted, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) did not apply to state employees. In 1961 Congress amended the act to apply its minimu . . .

New Jersey v. T.L.O. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jan. 15, 1985

New Jersey v. T.L.O. T.L.O., a fourteen-year old freshman, and a companion were discovered smoking by a teacher at Piscataway High School in Middlesex County, New Jersey. Smoking was a violation of a . . .

New York Times Co. v. United States CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 30, 1971

New York Times v. United States The case collectively known as the Pentagon Papers Case —New York Times Company v. United States and United States v. The Washington Post Company —was prof . . .

Nixon v. Administrator of General Services CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 28, 1977

Nixon v. Administrator of General Services Former president Richard Nixon entered into an agreement regarding the disposition of his presidential papers and recordings with Arthur F. Sampson, the hea . . .

Nollan v. California Coastal Commission CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 26, 1987

Nollan v. California Coastal Commission James and Marilyn Nollan owned beachfront property in Ventura County, California. They leased their property with an option to buy, which was conditioned on th . . .

Northern Pipeline Construction Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 28, 1982

Northern Pipeline Construction Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co. In this case, the Supreme Court held that Congress's grant of full Article III jurisdiction to Article I bankruptcy courts was unconstitut . . .

Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. v. Haslip CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 4, 1991

Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. v. Haslip, decided by a 7-1 vote, March 4, 1991; Blackmun wrote the opinion; O'Connor dissented; Souter took no part in the case. The Court held that juries have broa . . .

Papachristou v. Jacksonville CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Feb. 24, 1972

Parham v. J.R. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 20, 1979

Parham v. J.R. Three minor children challenged the Georgia commitment scheme that allowed parents to “voluntarily” commit their children to state mental health care. The district court fo . . .

Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 21, 1973

Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton The state of Georgia sought to enjoin the proprietor of an adult film emporium from exhibiting two movies alleged to be obscene. The Georgia Supreme Court held that th . . .

Payne v. Tennessee CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 27, 1991

Payne v. Tennessee Pervis Tyrone Payne was convicted by a Tennessee jury of the murders of a woman and her two-year-old daughter and of assault with intent to murder her three-year-old son. During hi . . .

Penn Central Transportation Company v. New York City CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 26, 1978

Penn Central Transportation Company v. New York City New York City's Landmarks Preservation Commission refused to allow the owners of the city's historic Grand Central Terminal to build a fifty-story . . .

Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v. Feeney CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 5, 1979

Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v. Feeney (442 U.S. 256), decided by a 7-2 vote, June 5, 1979. Stewart wrote the majority opinion; Marshall and Brennan dissented. A state does not violate the . . .

Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 1, 1976

Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth This case was a “logical and anticipated corollary” to Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), and Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 . . .

Plyer v. Doe CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 15, 1982

Plyer v. Doe Illegal alien parents sued to enjoin the state of Texas from enforcing its law prohibiting the children of illegal aliens from attending Texas public schools. The district court and the . . .

Powell v. McCormack CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 16, 1969

Powell v. McCormack Adam Clayton Powell Jr., a member of Congress from Harlem, was reelected to the House in 1966. Although he met the age, citizenship, and residency requirements for membership spel . . .

Reed v. Reed CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Nov. 22, 1971

Reed v. Reed When Richard Lynn Reed, a minor, died without a will, both of his parents petitioned to be appointed the administrator of his estate. At the time Sally Reed and Cecil Reed were legally s . . .

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 26, 1978

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke The University of California at Davis Medical School set aside sixteen spaces in its entering class of one hundred for African American, Hispanic, Asi . . .

Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 2, 1980

Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia Between July 1976 and June 1978 John Paul Stevenson was tried three times for murder. His initial conviction was reversed by the Virginia Supreme Court. Two othe . . .

Roe v. Wade CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jan. 22, 1973

Roe v. Wade Jane Roe, a pseudonym for Norma McCorvey, an unmarried pregnant woman in Dallas, Texas, wanted to terminate the pregnancy and brought suit in 1970 to prevent the Dallas County prosecutor, . . .

Rostker v. Goldberg CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1981

Rostker v. Goldberg The Selective Service Act allowed the president to require registration of young men for the purposes of potential conscription. Although the registration process had been discont . . .

Rummel v. Estelle CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 18, 1980

Rummel v. Estelle (445 U.S. 263), decided by a 5-4 vote, March 18, 1980. Rehnquist wrote the opinion; Powell, Brennan, Marshall and Stevens dissented. The Eighth Amendment ban on cruel and unusual pun . . .

Rust v. Sullivan CQP Key Case, Case Summary
May 23, 1991

Rust v. Sullivan An abortion-related funding dispute forced the Supreme Court to decide how far the government could go in limiting the activities of private organizations that receive federal financ . . .

Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 21, 1990

Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois James R. Thompson, the Republican governor of Illinois, froze hiring and promotions in state agencies. The only exceptions, according to Thompson's executive ord . . .

San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Mar. 21, 1973

San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez This case stemmed from a class action suit brought in 1968 by parents “on behalf of schoolchildren throughout the State [of Texas] who are m . . .

Schlesinger v. Reservists to Stop the War CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1974

Schlesinger v. Reservists to Stop the War Members of the Reservists Committee sued to enjoin certain members of Congress from holding positions in the army reserves on the grounds that Article I, Sec . . .

Sierra Club v. Morton CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 19, 1972

Sierra Club v. Morton This case involved the standing of an environmental advocacy organization to sue to prevent environmental damage that does not specifically harm any members of th . . .

South Dakota v. Dole CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 23, 1987

South Dakota v. Dole In 1984 Congress enacted a law that directed the secretary of transportation to withhold a percentage of federal highway funds from states “in which the purchase or public . . .

Spallone v. United States, Chema v. United States, Longo v. United States CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jan. 10, 1990

Spallone v. United States, Chema v. United States, Longo v. United States, decided by a 5-4 vote, January 10, 1990; Rehnquist wrote the opinion; Brennan, Marshall, Blackmun, and Stevens dissented. Cal . . .

Standard Oil Co. of Cal. v. United States CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Oct. 18, 1976

Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 20, 1971

Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education More than a decade after the decision in Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), many of the schools in the South rem . . .

Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 15, 1978

Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill (437 U.S. 153), decided by a 6-3 vote, June 15, 1978. Burger wrote the opinion; Powell, Blackmun and Rehnquist dissented. The Endangered Species Act—reflecting . . .

Terry v. Ohio CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 10, 1968

Terry v. Ohio Officer Martin McFadden, dressed in plainclothes, was patrolling a section of downtown Cleveland one afternoon when he noticed two men who, he explained later, “didn't look right . . .

Texas v. Johnson CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 21, 1989

Texas v. Johnson During the 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas, Gregory Lee Johnson, a Vietnam veteran, burned an American flag to protest the policies of President Ronald Reagan. Johnson . . .

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Feb. 24, 1969

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District On December 16, 1965, Mary Beth Tinker, her brother John, and another student, Christopher Eckhardt, were sent home and then suspended from . . .

Trimble v. Gordon CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 26, 1977

Trimble v. Gordon (430 U.S. 762), decided by a 5-4 vote, April 26, 1977. Powell wrote the opinion; Burger, Stewart, Blackmun and Rehnquist dissented. State denies illegitimate children equal protectio . . .

United States v. Eichman CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 11, 1990

United States v. Eichman One of the most difficult First Amendment issues the Court has faced is desecration of the American flag, a symbol held in near reverence by most Americans. Next to the abort . . .

United States v. Nixon CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jul. 24, 1974

United States v. Nixon This case was one of the most dramatic decisions in American constitutional history. It had the immediate consequence of forcing President Richard Nixon to release secretly mad . . .

Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp. v. Natural Resources Defense Council; Consumers Power Co. v. Aeschliman CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Apr. 3, 1978

Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corp. v. Natural Resources Defense Council; Consumers Power Co. v. Aeschliman (435 U.S. 519), decided by a vote of 7-0, April 3, 1978. Rehnquist wrote the opinion; Powell . . .

Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, Inc. CQP Key Case, Case Summary
May 24, 1976

Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, Inc. In Valentine v. Chrestensen, 316 U.S. 52 (1942), the Supreme Court held that commercial speech lacked basic First Amendmen . . .

Wallace v. Jaffree CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 4, 1985

Wallace v. Jaffree This case was making its second appearance before the Supreme Court. It involved three Alabama statutes designed to bring prayer back into the public schools of that state. An Alab . . .

Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York CQP Key Case, Case Summary
May 4, 1970

Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York Frederick Walz, an owner of real estate in New York City, sued to enjoin the city's tax commission from granting a tax exemption to religious organizati . . .

Warth v. Seldin CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 25, 1975

Warth v. Seldin Warth and other petitioners, described as low income, Hispanic, and African American residents of Rochester, New York, sued the suburban town of Penfield for a determination that cert . . .

Washington v. Harper CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Feb. 27, 1990

Washington v. Harper, decided by a 6-3 vote, February 27, 1990; Kennedy wrote the opinion; Stevens, Brennan, and Marshall dissented. State prison officials may force a mentally ill inmate to take anti . . .

Williams v. Florida CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jun. 22, 1970

Williams v. Florida In this case and the companion case, Baldwin v. New York, 399 U.S. 66 (1970), the Supreme Court dealt with issues involving the fairness of criminal prosecutions. B . . .

Wisconsin v. Constantineau CQP Key Case, Case Summary
Jan. 19, 1971

Wisconsin v. Constantineau, decided by a 6-3 vote, Jan. 19, 1971. Douglas wrote the opinion; Burger, Black and Blackmun dissented. Due process bars states from posting the names of excessive drinkers . . .

Wisconsin v. Yoder CQP Key Case, Case Summary
May 15, 1972

Wisconsin v. Yoder Members of the Amish Mennonite Church, sometimes know as the Old Order Amish, regularly withdrew their children from public school at age fourteen, in violation of state law that r . . .

Document Type

See all (112)