Sub-Saharan Africa has the greatest potential of any region in the world to produce inexpensive “green” hydrogen fuel — extracted from water using renewable energy — by 2050, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency. In this map, the amount of energy potential is measured in exajoules, a unit of electrical energy.

Source: “Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation: The Hydrogen Factor,” International Renewable Energy Agency, 2022, p. 45,

Data for the graphic are as follows:

Location 2050 Production Potential in Exajoules
North America 1,314
Latin America 1,114
Europe 88
Middle East/North Africa 2,023
Sub-Saharan Africa 2,715
Oceania 1,272
Southeast Asia 64
Northeast Asia 212
Rest of Asia 684

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