Soviet Communism After Fifty Years

October 18, 1967

Report Outline
Half Century of Communism in Russia
Principal Theories of Marx and Engels
Roots of the Two Russian Revolutions
Evolution of Communism Since Lenin

Half Century of Communism in Russia

A specter is haunting Europe, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote more than a century ago—“the specter of communism.” Communism is spectral no longer. It has become a political and economic system under which one-third of the world's people live. Today, Communists and non-Communists alike would agree that the “Great October Socialist Revolution,” which took place in Russia 50 years ago, was of “enormous international significance” and that it “accelerated the march of historical events in the world.”

What has communism accomplished in half a century? Where has it fallen short of its goals? Above all, in which direction is it heading? These questions have been posed often in Soviet communism's jubilee year, and the answers have been far from uniform.

Taking stock of the past 50 years, the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party last January listed six achievements of communism: (1) The setting up of a large-scale Socialist industry with a steady rate of development; (2) the implementation of Lenin's cooperative plan in the countryside and establishment of large-scale Socialist agricultural production; (3) a rise in the living standards of the people; (4) the accomplishment of a cultural revolution; (5) the growing social, political and ideological unity of the people; (6) the birth of a man of a new world, a man with a new moral.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Communism and Socialism
Aug. 02, 2011  Communism Today
Mar. 04, 1988  Communist Reformers Look West
Dec. 28, 1984  Communist Economies
Sep. 21, 1984  Southern European Socialism
Feb. 09, 1979  Communist Indochina and the Big Powers
Apr. 23, 1976  Western European Communism
May 28, 1969  World Communist Summit
Nov. 20, 1968  Intellectuals in Communist Countries
Aug. 28, 1968  Scandinavia and Socialism
Oct. 18, 1967  Soviet Communism After Fifty Years
Sep. 21, 1966  Soviet Economy: Incentives Under Communism
Sep. 15, 1965  Thailand: New Red Target
Dec. 18, 1963  Communist Schisms
Mar. 13, 1963  Venezuela: Target for Reds
Apr. 25, 1962  Teaching About Communism
Dec. 01, 1960  Farming and Food in Communist Lands
Apr. 27, 1960  Communist Party, U.S.A.
Nov. 07, 1956  Reds and Redefection
Apr. 11, 1956  Communists and Popular Fronts
Dec. 07, 1955  Religion Behind the Iron Curtain
Nov. 12, 1954  Communist Controls
Feb. 11, 1953  Red Teachers and Educational Freedom
Apr. 04, 1950  Loyalty and Security
Aug. 19, 1949  Church and Communism
Jul. 22, 1949  Reds in Trade Unions
Jul. 05, 1949  Academic Freedom
Feb. 11, 1948  Control of Communism in the United States
Feb. 05, 1947  Investigations of Un-Americanism
Nov. 13, 1946  Communism in America
Mar. 28, 1935  Anti-Radical Agitation
Oct. 19, 1932  The Socialist Vote in 1932
Aug. 08, 1931  National Economic Councils Abroad
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union
U.S. at War: Cold War