Wildlife Preservation

May 10, 1967

Report Outline
Efforts to Preserve Rare Wild Species
Extermination of Wildlife Since 1600s
Impact of Technology on the Wilderness

Efforts to Preserve Rare Wild Species

American wildlife, one of the country's great natural resources, faces depletion and, in some cases, extinction. As Secretary of the Interior Stewart L. Udall recently pointed out, “The seemingly irreversible trend in the world today …is toward more and more human beings, lumped together in ever-widening urban clusters.” Udall added that “Efforts to feed and clothe this surging population, together with the downright arithmetic of the space it must occupy simply to exist, impose a growing threat to wild areas and animals which remain.”

Hunters seeking food, fuel (whale oil), fur or plumage formerly inflicted the greatest damage on wildlife. Today, in contrast, man's destruction of wild creatures is largely inadvertent. Every new highway, airport or suburban development diminishes the amount of open land supporting birds and animals. Pollution of the nation's waterways has taken a heavy toll of fish and other marine life. And use of pesticides on cropland and trees has brought death to millions of birds and animals as well as to insects.

Endangered Species in America and Elsewhere

The wreck of the giant oil tanker Torrey Canyon off the Cornish coast of England in mid-March furnished a somber reminder that the needs of man and the needs of wildlife often are incompatible. Some 120,000 gallons of oil from the tanker spilled into the Atlantic; much of it washed ashore in Cornwall, fouling beaches and killing water birds. Winds later blew the massive oil slick toward Brittany, where a 3,000-acre oyster bed in the Jaundy River was destroyed. Janet Flanner reported in The New Yorker, April 29, that Brittany's waterfowl were virtually wiped out by oil contamination. The victims included cormorants, guillemots, and the only colony of puffins in France. Although a make-shift hospital was set up to wipe the birds clean, only one of every ten treated managed to survive.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Wildlife and Endangered Species
Dec. 15, 2017  Species Extinction
Feb. 17, 2012  Invasive Species
Oct. 2010  Wildlife Smuggling
Jun. 03, 2005  Endangered Species Act Updated
Sep. 15, 2000  Mass Extinction
Oct. 01, 1999  Endangered Species Act
Apr. 19, 1996  Protecting Endangered Species
Aug. 28, 1992  Marine Mammals Vs. Fish
Jun. 21, 1991  Endangered Species
May 24, 1991  Animal Rights
Feb. 12, 1988  America's Biological Diversity
Aug. 02, 1985  Wildlife Management
Sep. 16, 1977  Protecting Endangered Wildlife
May 10, 1967  Wildlife Preservation
Wildlife and Endangered Species