German Question

July 1, 1964

Report Outline
New Discussion of German Reunification
Unification of Germany by Bismarck
Problem of Joining the Two Germanys

New Discussion of German Reunification

Allied Declaration on the German Question

Eunification of Germany on the basis of self-determination was declared, in a tripartite declaration of policy issued simultaneously in Washington, London and Paris on June 28, to be a “fundamental objective” of the United States, Great Britain and France. The declaration was the response of the three Western powers to the 20-year treaty of friendship and cooperation signed by Russia on June 12 with the (East) German Democratic Republic. The West German government was closely consulted in its preparation.

The declaration held to the position that the Federal Republic of Germany was “the only German government freely and legitimately constituted and therefore entitled to speak for the German people in international affairs.” The treaty signed by the Russians with the East Germans had reiterated the Soviet position that reunification could be achieved “only through negotiations on an equal footing and agreement between both sovereign German states.”

While these recent events made no change in positions that have been maintained by East and West over the past 15 years, the Western declaration of June 26 did say that the United States, Britain and France were “always ready to take advantage of any opportunity which would peacefully re-establish German unity and freedom.” Such a settlement, the Western powers said, “should be sought as soon as possible…[and] should include progressive solutions which would bring about German reunification and security in Europe.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Dec. 22, 1989  A Primer on German Reunification
Apr. 19, 1985  German Reconciliation
Feb. 25, 1983  West Germany's ‘Missile’ Election
Jan. 14, 1970  German Reconciliation
Jan. 29, 1969  West German Prosperity
Mar. 30, 1966  German Border Question and Reunification
Aug. 18, 1965  West German Election, 1965
Feb. 24, 1965  War Guilt Expiation
Jul. 01, 1964  German Question
Sep. 01, 1961  Captive East Germany
Aug. 23, 1961  West German Election, 1961
May 04, 1960  Berlin Question
Dec. 24, 1958  Berlin Crisis and German Reunification
Aug. 21, 1957  German Election, 1957
Oct. 19, 1955  European Security
Jun. 15, 1955  Germany and the Balance of Power
Oct. 19, 1954  German Rearmament
Jan. 19, 1954  West German Recovery
Mar. 12, 1953  Harassed Berlin
Apr. 26, 1950  German Problem
Feb. 18, 1948  Rehabilitation of the Ruhr
Oct. 23, 1946  Future of Germany
Nov. 25, 1944  Transfers of Populations
Nov. 01, 1940  Economic Controls in Nazi Germany
Mar. 09, 1939  Foreign Trade in German Economy
Apr. 02, 1936  Germany's Post-War European Relations
Nov. 02, 1934  The Coming Saab Plebiscite
Apr. 23, 1931  The Austro-German Customs Union Project
Feb. 05, 1929  The Rhineland Problem
Nov. 07, 1924  German National Elections December, 1924
Apr. 30, 1924  The German National Elections
Regional Political Affairs: Europe