Changing Status of Soviet Satellites

April 22, 1964

Report Outline
Loosening of Soviet Ties With Satellites
Post-Stalin Trend Toward Liberalization
Policy of United States an East Europe

Loosening of Soviet Ties With Satellites

Growth of Freedom of Action in East Europe

The soviet bloc states of eastern europe, held under tight rein by the Kremlin since they were occupied by the Red Army at the end of World War II, are attaining a new and freer status in the Communist world. They are still far from enjoying in actuality the position of equality recently proclaimed by Soviet Premier Khrushchev for all Communist nations, small or large. But they are edging toward a degree of independence vis-a-vis their giant Russian neighbor and toward a larger measure of internal freedom.

The evolution is political, economic, intellectual. Economic distress has spurred decentralization in industry, a return to individual incentives, and increased trade with Western countries. Writers and painters have gained a startling freedom of expression in some of the “people's republics.” The Iron Curtain is being lifted to welcome tourists from the West.

In their relations with the Soviet Union, the satellites are finding many channels leading to greater freedom of action. Under Secretary of State W, Averell Harriman told a House Foreign Affairs subcommittee, March 10, that “Eastern Europe is no longer the monolithic structure it was under Stalin.” Two Communist nations—Yugoslavia and Albania—no longer can be considered Soviet satellites at all. Yugoslavia established its independence from Stalin-ruled Russia in 1948 and has retained it through 16 years of freeze and thaw. Albania, rejecting Khrushchev's de-Stalinization program, broke away from the bloc two years ago and supports Red China in the rift between the two Communist giants.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Russia and the Soviet Union
Jan. 13, 2017  U.S.-Russia Relations
Feb. 07, 2014  Resurgent Russia
Feb. 21, 2012  Russia in Turmoil
Jun. 06, 2008  Dealing With the "New" Russia
Jun. 17, 2005  Russia and the Former Soviet Republics
Jan. 18, 2002  U.S.-Russia Relations
May 22, 1998  U.S.-Russian Relations
May 03, 1996  Russia's Political Future
Mar. 12, 1993  Aid to Russia
Jul. 12, 1991  Soviet Republics Rebel
Nov. 03, 1989  Balkanization of Eastern Europe (Again)
Feb. 14, 1986  Gorbachev's Challenge
Jan. 07, 1983  Russia Under Andropov
Feb. 19, 1982  Soviet Economic Dilemmas
Feb. 06, 1981  Russia After Détente
Feb. 04, 1977  Sino-Soviet Relations
Feb. 20, 1976  Soviet Options: 25th Party Congress
Jun. 28, 1972  Dissent in Russia
Mar. 17, 1971  Russia's Restive Consumers
Dec. 03, 1969  Kremlin Succession
Oct. 18, 1968  Czechoslovakia and European Security
Apr. 22, 1964  Changing Status of Soviet Satellites
Jan. 29, 1964  Soviet Agriculture: Record of Stagnation
Aug. 08, 1962  Jews in Soviet Russia
Jul. 16, 1958  Tito and the Soviets
Jun. 26, 1957  Soviet Economic Challenge
Aug. 29, 1956  Restive Satellites
Mar. 11, 1955  Soviet Economic Strains
Nov. 04, 1953  Russia's European Satellites
Aug. 03, 1951  Soviet Peace Offensives
Jul. 01, 1948  Russia's War Potential
Jun. 21, 1943  Evolution of Soviet Policies
Mar. 01, 1943  Soviet Russia and the Border States
Aug. 15, 1930  The Soviet Five-Year Plan
Aug. 26, 1929  The League and the Sino-Russian Dispute
Feb. 04, 1924  The Problem of Russian Recognition
Imperialism, Colonization, and Independence Movements
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union