Anti-Americanism Abroad

April 13, 1964

Report Outline
Antagonism Toward America And Americans
Historical Roots of Anti-American Feeling
U.S. Efforts to Combat Foreign Criticism

Antagonism Toward America And Americans

Recent Protests and Attacks in Foreign Cities

Anti-american outbursts in such nominally friendly countries as Cambodia, Gabon, Ghana, Greece and Panama demonstrate anew that political and military power seldom generates affection. This country's commitments throughout the world are so extensive that any move it makes, however well-intentioned, is apt to offend some government or people. American efforts to ease tensions on Cyprus have aroused suspicion in Greece. United States policy in Africa and Asia draws criticism from the former colonial powers of Europe. Meanwhile, a steady barrage of Communist propaganda attempts to exploit the myriad differences of opinion between the United States and other countries of the free world.

The rioting in Panama last Jan. 9 and 10 seemed to represent a spontaneous expression of popular animosity toward the United States and toward Americans living in the Canal Zone. Most of the other recent anti-American demonstrations appear to have been government-inspired or in any event officially tolerated. When more than 1,000 Ghanaians demonstrated outside the American embassy in Accra, Feb. 4, it was noted that Soviet-bloc reporters, obviously tipped off, were the first newsmen on the scene. Richard I. Phillips, State Department press officer, said in Washington the following day that the Nkrumah government “must have instigated, inspired or countenanced” the demonstration. An editorial headed “Damn the Yankees,” appearing on Feb. 5 in the government-controlled Ghanaian Times, asserted that “The dopes and drunks who run the Murder Incorporation called C.I.A. [U.S. Central Intelligence Agency] are after the blood of Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah because he is the biggest thorn in their neo-colonialist ambitions.”

A similar demonstration in Athens at the end of February seemed to have at least the tacit approval of the Greek government. Some 4,000 students gathered in front of the American embassy on Feb. 29 shouting “America, keep your hands off Cyprus, “American murderers,” “Yankees back to Texas,” and “Bravo Russia.” Premier George Papandreou expressed regret that Communists were involved in the demonstration, but he refused to let the police interfere with the students. The march on the embassy had been the result of suspicion that the United States sided with Turkey on the Cyprus issue.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
America's Image Abroad
Jul. 23, 2010  America at War Updated
Mar. 2007  Anti-Americanism
Feb. 02, 2007  Rethinking Foreign Policy
Nov. 23, 2001  Hating America
Sep. 11, 1981  America's Information Effort Abroad
Apr. 13, 1964  Anti-Americanism Abroad
Apr. 26, 1961  American Propaganda in Foreign Countries
Jul. 03, 1957  Anti-Americanism and Soldiers Overseas
Diplomacy and Diplomats
Popular Culture