Challenged Monroe Doctrine

August 10, 1960

Report Outline
Soviet Challenging of Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine in Hemisphere History
Inter-American System and the Doctrine

Soviet Challenging of Monroe Doctrine

Monroe Doctrine and Red influence in Cuba

Soviet premier khrushchev's recent attempt to consign the Monroe Doctrine to oblivion has had the opposite effect. It has proved the continuing vitality of that 137-year-old warning to European powers to keep out of the Western Hemisphere. Khrushchev last month proclaimed the demise of the doctrine, but President Eisenhower declared that the United States would not permit the establishment in this part of the world of a regime dominated by international communism.

The policy now challenged by the Kremlin has gone through various extensions and contractions since it was proclaimed by President Monroe in 1823. Early in World War II it was made a basic policy of all 21 American republics. But there is question whether the ability to enforce observance of the doctrine—particularly in a case of indirect aggression—was strengthened by its incorporation in inter-American treaties and declarations.

It is a matter of controversy, for example, whether the United States would be entitled, under the Charter of the Organization of American States and the United Nations Charter, to move independently to prevent a triumph of communism in Cuba. If action could be properly taken only under the authority of the O.A.S., the practical question arises of whether Latin American nations are more fearful of Communist intervention than they are distrustful of United States intervention.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
International Law and Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean
U.S. at War: Cold War