Communist Party, U.S.A.

April 27, 1960

Report Outline
U.S. Communists and Communism, 1960
Legal Weapons Against Communists
Special Problems in Communist Control

U.S. Communists and Communism, 1960

Possible Entry of Red in Presidential Race

American communists may add an almost forgotten touch to the 1960 political campaign by running a candidate of their own for President, The so-called Progressives of 1948 and 1952 were given a strong Red tinge by the support of Communists, but the American branch of international communism has not entered the presidential lists independently since Earl Browder contended for votes with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Wendell Willkie in 1940.

Passing of the McCarthy era, coupled with the country's tolerant reception of Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev last year, may have convinced Communist party leaders that American attitudes toward their kind have changed enough to make it worth their while to resume direct political activity. Gus Hall, Communist general secretary, disclosed on April 17 that the possibility of putting up a presidential candidate had been discussed at a meeting in Chicago, March 26–27, of the party's national committee. Final decision was delayed pending inquiry into the difficulties of complying with the requirements of state election laws.

The general public will not be greatly disturbed if a Communist candidate for President emerges in the coming months. Third-party candidates, least of all those on the extreme left, rarely make much impression on the American electorate. But if there is nothing to fear from operations of Communists in the political arena, their activities elsewhere on the domestic scene may be a cause of justified apprehension. Director J. Edgar Hoover of the Federal Bureau of Investigation warned early this year, following a shake-up of the American Communist party organization, that the country could “look forward to a period of renewed party agitation in all fields.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
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Aug. 02, 2011  Communism Today
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Dec. 28, 1984  Communist Economies
Sep. 21, 1984  Southern European Socialism
Feb. 09, 1979  Communist Indochina and the Big Powers
Apr. 23, 1976  Western European Communism
May 28, 1969  World Communist Summit
Nov. 20, 1968  Intellectuals in Communist Countries
Aug. 28, 1968  Scandinavia and Socialism
Oct. 18, 1967  Soviet Communism After Fifty Years
Sep. 21, 1966  Soviet Economy: Incentives Under Communism
Sep. 15, 1965  Thailand: New Red Target
Dec. 18, 1963  Communist Schisms
Mar. 13, 1963  Venezuela: Target for Reds
Apr. 25, 1962  Teaching About Communism
Dec. 01, 1960  Farming and Food in Communist Lands
Apr. 27, 1960  Communist Party, U.S.A.
Nov. 07, 1956  Reds and Redefection
Apr. 11, 1956  Communists and Popular Fronts
Dec. 07, 1955  Religion Behind the Iron Curtain
Nov. 12, 1954  Communist Controls
Feb. 11, 1953  Red Teachers and Educational Freedom
Apr. 04, 1950  Loyalty and Security
Aug. 19, 1949  Church and Communism
Jul. 22, 1949  Reds in Trade Unions
Jul. 05, 1949  Academic Freedom
Feb. 11, 1948  Control of Communism in the United States
Feb. 05, 1947  Investigations of Un-Americanism
Nov. 13, 1946  Communism in America
Mar. 28, 1935  Anti-Radical Agitation
Oct. 19, 1932  The Socialist Vote in 1932
Aug. 08, 1931  National Economic Councils Abroad
General Social Trends
U.S. at War: Cold War