White Supremacy in South Africa

April 9, 1958

Report Outline
Separation of Races in South Africa
Boer Tradition of White Supremacy
Opposition to Policy of Apartheid
White Supremacy and Foreign Affairs
Special Focus

Separation of Races in South Africa

Apartheid and Coming Parliamentary Election

White citizens of the Union of South Africa will decide at the polls on April 16 whether or not to renew the mandate of the Nationalist Party for another five years. The Nationalists, who have been in power for a decade, are the leading apostles of South Africa's policy of apartheid, which is designed to assure white supremacy through complete segregation of whites and non-whites. Non-whites comprise four-fifths of the country's population, but they are denied the franchise in three of the four provinces.

The non-whites have threatened to stage a general strike a few days before the election to dramatize demands for (1) a minimum daily wage of $2.80; (2) abolition of the identification pass system; and (3) repeal of the whole structure of apartheid laws. The stoppage may not be widespread, because the government on March 14 curtailed activities of the sponsoring organization, the African National Congress. However, the militant attitude of both white Nationalists and black agitators throws ominous clouds across the future of South Africa.

The Nationalist Party maintains that in a country where non-whites outnumber whites by almost four to one, drastic measures are necessary to preserve the purity of the white race and the heritage of European culture. Nationalists aim to “keep South Africa white” not only for themselves but also for their descendants. They assert that the official political opposition, the United Party, offers no alternative to apartheid. And they insist that present racial tensions in the Union result largely from irresponsible criticism by English-language newspapers and English-speaking correspondents.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Apr. 14, 2023  The New Scramble for Africa
Jul. 15, 2022  Africa in Transition
Oct. 22, 2021  ISIS in Africa
Feb. 23, 2018  Africa in Transition
Jul. 10, 2015  Terrorism in Africa
Nov. 20, 2012  Booming Africa
Apr. 05, 2011  Conflict in Congo
Aug. 2009  Attacking Piracy
Jun. 2009  The Troubled Horn of Africa
Sep. 2008  Crisis in Darfur
Jan. 2008  China in Africa
Sep. 09, 2005  Ending Poverty
Aug. 27, 2004  Stopping Genocide
Aug. 29, 2003  Aiding Africa
Nov. 08, 2002  Famine in Africa
Mar. 24, 1995  Democracy in Africa
Jan. 14, 1994  South Africa's Future
Mar. 23, 1990  U.S. Role in South Africa's Future
Nov. 07, 1986  Economic Turnabout In Africa
Jan. 17, 1986  Angola and the Reagan Doctrine
Sep. 09, 1983  South Africa's ‘Total Strategy’
Jul. 14, 1978  African Policy Reversal
Sep. 03, 1976  Africa and the Big Powers
Apr. 04, 1975  Southern Africa in Transition
Dec. 06, 1974  Ethiopia in Turmoil
May 09, 1973  African Nation Building
Feb. 28, 1968  Nigeria at War
Nov. 02, 1966  White Outposts in Southern Africa
Feb. 03, 1965  Congo Dilemma
Aug. 12, 1964  Red Rivalry in Africa
May 22, 1963  Political Turmoil in Southern Africa
Nov. 02, 1960  Tribalism and Nationalism in Africa
Sep. 28, 1960  Education for Africans
Apr. 10, 1959  Power Struggles in Colonial Africa
Aug. 20, 1958  Algerian Conflicts
Apr. 09, 1958  White Supremacy in South Africa
Sep. 11, 1957  Future of Algeria
Apr. 03, 1957  Political Awakening of Black Africa
Sep. 17, 1952  Africa and the West
Feb. 20, 1952  Nationalism in North Africa
Dec. 04, 1942  War Resources in Africa
May 29, 1935  Pre-War and Post-War Imperialism in Africa
Global Issues
Regional Political Affairs: Africa