Restive Satellites

August 29, 1956

Report Outline
Ferment and Unrest in Eastern Europe
Decade of Red Rule in Satellite States
United States and Satellite Liberation

Ferment and Unrest in Eastern Europe

Recent developments in Soviet satellite states have directed world attention to the ferment that seems to have been spreading through the Communist-controlled lands of Central and Eastern Europe since the death of Premier Stalin. Local Red regimes, now allowed somewhat greater leeway than during the Stalin era, have been reacting in surprising ways to political and economic pressures; in some instances they have shown considerably more independence than can be palatable to Moscow.

Communist Party chiefs in most of the European satellites have been admitting past mistakes, confessing their own shortcomings, sanctioning certain kinds of criticism in the controlled press, allowing greater freedom in parliamentary debates. In several countries public demands for correction of errors have resulted in political shake-ups in the party hierarchy and in government promises to carry out various political and economic reforms. These and other events indicate that grave questions have been posed for the satellite governments, for the party organizations behind the governments, and for their Soviet mentors in Moscow.

The essence of the problem for Local Communist regimes is how far “Socialist democratization” can be carried in the satellites without endangering their control of the national life. The central question for Moscow is how far the satellites can be allowed to move along there “own road to Socialism” without endangering the control of the Soviet Union over all Communist states.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Russia and the Soviet Union
Jan. 13, 2017  U.S.-Russia Relations
Feb. 07, 2014  Resurgent Russia
Feb. 21, 2012  Russia in Turmoil
Jun. 06, 2008  Dealing With the "New" Russia
Jun. 17, 2005  Russia and the Former Soviet Republics
Jan. 18, 2002  U.S.-Russia Relations
May 22, 1998  U.S.-Russian Relations
May 03, 1996  Russia's Political Future
Mar. 12, 1993  Aid to Russia
Jul. 12, 1991  Soviet Republics Rebel
Nov. 03, 1989  Balkanization of Eastern Europe (Again)
Feb. 14, 1986  Gorbachev's Challenge
Jan. 07, 1983  Russia Under Andropov
Feb. 19, 1982  Soviet Economic Dilemmas
Feb. 06, 1981  Russia After Détente
Feb. 04, 1977  Sino-Soviet Relations
Feb. 20, 1976  Soviet Options: 25th Party Congress
Jun. 28, 1972  Dissent in Russia
Mar. 17, 1971  Russia's Restive Consumers
Dec. 03, 1969  Kremlin Succession
Oct. 18, 1968  Czechoslovakia and European Security
Apr. 22, 1964  Changing Status of Soviet Satellites
Jan. 29, 1964  Soviet Agriculture: Record of Stagnation
Aug. 08, 1962  Jews in Soviet Russia
Jul. 16, 1958  Tito and the Soviets
Jun. 26, 1957  Soviet Economic Challenge
Aug. 29, 1956  Restive Satellites
Mar. 11, 1955  Soviet Economic Strains
Nov. 04, 1953  Russia's European Satellites
Aug. 03, 1951  Soviet Peace Offensives
Jul. 01, 1948  Russia's War Potential
Jun. 21, 1943  Evolution of Soviet Policies
Mar. 01, 1943  Soviet Russia and the Border States
Aug. 15, 1930  The Soviet Five-Year Plan
Aug. 26, 1929  The League and the Sino-Russian Dispute
Feb. 04, 1924  The Problem of Russian Recognition
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union
U.S. at War: Cold War