Security Risks in Government

February 3, 1954

Report Outline
Loyalty and Security Problems at Washington
Evolution of Federal Loyalty-Security Program
Security Program of Eisenhower Administration
Special Focus

Loyalty and Security Problems at Washington

Continuing Controversy over disloyal persona who have held or who may now hold posts in the federal establishment makes it certain that the question of Communism in general and Communists in government in particular will play a part in this year's congressional election campaign. The enthusiastic support received by President Eisenhower's promise of stiffer action against Communists in his State of the Union message, Jan. 7, coupled with earlier statements of Republican leaders in Congress, indicates that the President may have spoken too soon when he said in December that subversives in government would not be an issue in the 1954 elections.

The revelations, last November, in the Harry Dexter White case fanned partisan debate and revived concern over the problem of keeping subversives and security risks out of the federal establishment. The possibility that such persons may still be working in Washington and the administration's desire to show improvement in weeding them out has raised anxiety about the effectiveness of the administration's new security program. And this in turn has stirred public interest in reports on the number of employees forced off the federal payroll as a result of the broader security rules adopted by the present administration.

Controversy Over Import of Security Dismissals

Repeated refusals by government officials to give a detailed breakdown of the number of security risks dismissed under the Eisenhower security program have raised doubts in many minds. Sen. Carlson (R., Kan.), chairman of the Senate Post Office-Civil Service Committee, on Jan. 25, endorsed a resolution by Sen. Johnston (D., S. C.) calling on the Civil Service Commission to supply a detailed breakdown of the 2,200 dismissals reported by the President in his State of the Union message. The Civil Service Committee of the House had previously asked the commission how many of the 2,200 were fired for disloyalty and how many for unsuitability.

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