Atomic Information

October 10, 1953

Report Outline
Rising Pressure Against Wall of Secrecy
Military Security Vs. Public Understanding
Control of Technical Information
International Exchange of Atomic Information
Special Focus

Rising Pressure Against Wall of Secrecy

Effect of Soviet H-Bomb Test Disclosude

Recent atomic developments, here and in foreign countries, have given added urgency to public debate over what can and should be said officially by the government—to the American people, to science and industry, to close allies of the United States—about superweapons and the processes of nuclear fission and fusion.

Since confirmation in August of the Soviet announcement that Russia had set off a hydrogen explosion, there has been growing concern expressed over a wide range of questions raised by the “time scale” of atomic developments. Leading nuclear scientists contend that the rapidly changing time scale has rendered obsolete many of the basic assumptions which have governed American defense policies.

The original monopoly of the United States in atomic weapons came to an end in September 1949, a little more than four years after the first A-bomb explosion at Hiroshima. Less than six years after Hiroshima, the United States carried out its first hydrogen tests at Eniwetok. The first Russian hydrogen test came less than four years after the initial A-bomb explosion in the Soviet Union. Overt evidence of the rapidly accelerating rate of technological advance has destroyed any illusion that American superiority in weapons production affords a lasting guarantee of national security.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Jul. 29, 2016  Modernizing the Nuclear Arsenal
Mar. 08, 2002  Weapons of Mass Destruction
Jan. 31, 1997  Chemical and Biological Weapons
Jun. 24, 1994  Nuclear Arms Cleanup
Jun. 05, 1992  Nuclear Proliferation
Jun. 29, 1990  Obstacles to Bio-Chemical Disarmament
Apr. 22, 1988  The Military Build-Down in the 1990s
May 24, 1987  Euromissile Negotiations
Jul. 11, 1986  Chemical Weapons
Apr. 27, 1984  Reagan's Defense Buildup
Jun. 04, 1982  Civil Defense
Jul. 17, 1981  Controlling Nuclear Proliferation
Jun. 05, 1981  MX Missile Decision
Aug. 15, 1980  The Neutron Bomb and European Defense
Sep. 07, 1979  Atomic Secrecy
Mar. 17, 1978  Nuclear Proliferation
May 27, 1977  Chemical-Biological Warfare
May 13, 1977  Politics of Strategic Arms Negotiations
Nov. 15, 1974  Nuclear Safeguards
Jul. 01, 1970  Nuclear Balance of Terror: 25 Years After Alamogordo
Jun. 18, 1969  Chemical–Biological Weaponry
Jun. 30, 1965  Atomic Proliferation
Mar. 21, 1962  Nuclear Testing Dilemmas
Aug. 16, 1961  Shelters and Survival
Oct. 12, 1959  Chemical-Biological Warfare
May 13, 1959  Nuclear Test Ban
Dec. 04, 1957  Scientific Cooperation and Atlantic Security
May 15, 1957  Changing Defense Concepts
Jul. 03, 1956  Civil Defense, 1956
Nov. 16, 1955  International Arms Deals
Oct. 04, 1954  Industrial Defense
Apr. 15, 1954  National Defense Strategy
Feb. 10, 1954  New Aproaches to Atomic Control
Oct. 10, 1953  Atomic Information
Apr. 11, 1952  Biological Warfare
Oct. 03, 1951  World Arms Race
Feb. 04, 1948  International Control of Atomic Energy
Dec. 06, 1946  International Inspection
Aug. 27, 1943  Gas Warfare
Jul. 24, 1937  The New Race in Armaments
May 05, 1932  Abolition of Aggressive Weapons
Freedom of Information
Military Intelligence
U.S. at War: Cold War