Negro Segregation

November 7, 1947

Report Outline
Segregation and Civil Rights of the Negro
Development and Spread of Negro Segregation
High Cost of Bi-Racialism in America
Prospects of Change in Segregation Pattern

Segregation and Civil Rights of the Negro

Extent of Segregation in the United States

Race Segregation, long firmly established in the southern states and now widely practiced in other parts of the country, is meeting sharp challenge from Negro leaders, Negro organizations, and other interested groups. The courts are currently flooded with suits attacking the legality of various segregatory practices, and strong pressure is being exerted upon federal, state and local governments to deal with this form of discrimination by statutory enactment.

Addressing the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People at Washington, June 29, President Truman expressed the hope “that we have reached a turning point in the long history of our country's efforts to guarantee freedom and equality to all our citizens.” And the President's Committee on Civil Rights, in a report issued Oct. 29, called for the immediate elimination of all forms of segregation, declaring that there is “no adequate defense” for the practice today.

Persistence of a strong feeling against the intermingling of the races has been indicated, however, by a number of recent events. Gov. Thompson of Georgia stated, Sept. 23, that he considered “complete segregation of whites and Negroes” essential to the maintenance of good race relations in the South. In St. Louis the strong protest of 700 Catholic parents against the admission of Negroes to parochial schools of the city led Archbishop Ritter, in a pastoral letter, Sept. 21, to threaten the group with excommunication. School strikes against the admission of Negroes have been reported from Gary, Ill., and Los Angeles, Calif., during the year. In Chicago nearly 1,000 policemen were called out, Aug. 16, to cope with a threatened race riot when several Negro families were admitted to a predominantly white housing development.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Segregation and Desegregation
Apr. 23, 2004  School Desegregation
Oct. 18, 1996  Rethinking School Integration
Feb. 24, 1995  Housing Discrimination
Dec. 26, 1975  Busing Reappraisal
May 03, 1974  Desegregation After 20 Years
Aug. 24, 1973  Educational Equality
Sep. 06, 1972  Blacks on Campus
Mar. 01, 1972  School Busing and Politics
Aug. 16, 1967  Open Housing
Apr. 29, 1964  School Desegregation: 1954–1964
Feb. 06, 1963  Interracial Housing
Aug. 27, 1958  School Integration: Fifth Year
Jan. 15, 1958  Residential Desegregation
Oct. 16, 1957  Legal Processes in Race Relations
Oct. 17, 1956  Enforcement of School Integration
Jan. 12, 1955  School Desegregation
Sep. 03, 1954  Segregation in Churches
Oct. 08, 1952  Race Segregation
Nov. 07, 1947  Negro Segregation
Civil Rights: African Americans
Segregation and Desegregation