Veterans' Bonus

November 6, 1946

Report Outline
Grants to Veterans: an American Tradition
Bonus Issue After World War I
World War Ii Veterans and the Bonus

Grants to Veterans: an American Tradition

Movement for World War II Soldier Bonus

New Bills for payment of a bonus to veterans of World War II will be introduced in both houses at the opening of the 80th Congress in January, 1947. Whether bonus legislation is enacted by the new Congress will depend upon changes in the general level of economic activity during its two year term of service. That a bonus will ultimately be authorized for the men and women who served in World War II appears to be accepted as a foregone conclusion. A sharp postwar recession would generate pressure for immediate action by Congress; a continuation of full employment might postpone passage of a bonus bill until well after the 1948 presidential election.

Bills to grant a bonus to veterans of World War II have been offered at each session of Congress since 1942. Little organized pressure was put behind them during the war years or at the first postwar session of Congress in 1946. The principle of a World War II bonus still lacks the endorsement of the American Legion (membership of about 3,500,000), but it has the active support of the Veterans of Foreign Wars (membership about 1,750,000) and of four smaller veterans' organizations.

The American Veterans of World War II is expected to come out for the bonus at its annual convention, Nov. 21-24, at St. Louis. The American Veterans Committee, only other national organization of ex-servicemen to grow out of World War II, rejected a bonus resolution at its 1946 convention in June. A sharp business recession, accompanied by considerable unemployment, could be expected, however, quickly to produce the same united support of veterans for the bonus that developed after World War I.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S. Military
Oct. 04, 2019  Veterans' Struggles
Sep. 23, 2011  Military Suicides
Sep. 05, 2008  Rise in Counterinsurgency
Aug. 31, 2007  Wounded Veterans
Nov. 19, 2004  Treatment of Veterans
Jun. 25, 2004  Privatizing the Military
May 30, 2003  Reforming the Corps
Apr. 26, 1996  New Military Culture
Jun. 08, 1990  Downsizing America's Armed Forces
Jul. 20, 1966  American Forces in Europe
Jan. 15, 1964  American Troops Abroad
May 21, 1958  Military Reorganization
Feb. 28, 1952  Benefits for Korean Veterans
May 12, 1948  Militarization
Nov. 06, 1946  Veterans' Bonus
Jul. 17, 1946  War Veterans in Civil Life
Nov. 27, 1941  Government Aid to Ex-Service Men
Sep. 27, 1932  The Bonus After the 1932 Elections
Oct. 06, 1930  Veteran-Aid Policies of the United States
Jan. 07, 1924  Congress and the Bonus
Veterans' Services