Full Employment

July 30, 1945

Report Outline
Goverments and Postwar Employment Policy
Methods of Guaranteeing Full Employment
Full Employment Proposal Before Congress

Goverments and Postwar Employment Policy

Coming Conflict on “Full Employement Act of 1945”

Hearings on the “Full Employment Act of 1945,” held July 30 and 31 for sponsors of the measure, are to be resumed before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee soon after Congress returns from its summer recess. The heads of numerous federal departments and agencies have endorsed the objectives of the proposed legislation. Approximately 100 members of the House of Representatives have been organized into a steering committee, under the chairmanship of Rep. Outland (D., Cal.), to mobilize public sentiment in support of the measure. Strong opposition to the bill is anticipated from financial and business interests and from orthodox economists. The autumn hearings will provide a forum for airing a conflict of views which may rival in intensity the conflict which divided adherents and opponents of the Roosevelt New Deal.

The Murray full-employment bill has been advanced as a means of implementing the first point in the “economic bill of rights” proclaimed by President Roosevelt. Its purpose is to assure the opportunity for “a useful and remunerative job” to everyone able and anxious to work. While the objective of the bill is full employment rather than any specific number of job opportunities, it is the answer of its sponsors to the 1944 campaign promise of 60 million postwar jobs. President Truman has made no commitment on the measure. However, as a member of the War Contracts subcommittee of the Senate Military Affairs Committee, he signed the report, Dec, 18, 1944, in which the original version of the full-employment bill was submitted for public discussion.

Evolution of the Demand for Economic Security

The Murray bill represents the ultimate in the demands of those who advocate that the government assume responsibility for the economic security of individuals. On Mar, 6, 1933, President Roosevelt told a conference of state governors at the White House that “the federal government, of course, does have to prevent anybody from starving.” The President was then concerned with provision of minimum relief to the unemployed. From that basic premise, the conception of government responsibility for the welfare of individuals has evolved to the proposal that the federal government shall undertake to see to it that everyone who can work and who wants to work shall have the opportunity to work.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Mar. 06, 2020  Universal Basic Income
Mar. 18, 2016  The Gig Economy
Mar. 06, 2012  Youth Unemployment
Jul. 31, 2009  Straining the Safety Net
Apr. 10, 2009  Business Bankruptcy
Mar. 13, 2009  Vanishing Jobs
Apr. 25, 2003  Unemployment Benefits
Jan. 21, 1994  Worker Retraining
Sep. 09, 1988  Help Wanted: Why Jobs Are Hard to Fill
Mar. 18, 1983  The Youth Unemployment Puzzle
Dec. 24, 1982  Federal Jobs Programs
May 28, 1982  America's Employment Outlook
Jun. 27, 1980  Unemployment Compensation
Oct. 14, 1977  Youth Unemployment
Jul. 11, 1975  Underemployment in America
Dec. 16, 1970  Unemployment in Recessions
Mar. 05, 1965  Unemployment Benefits in Times of Prosperity
Apr. 03, 1964  Overtime Pay Rates and Unemployment
Feb. 01, 1961  Unemployment and New Jobs
Jan. 07, 1959  Lag in Employment
Apr. 16, 1958  Emergency Jobless Aid
May 16, 1956  Lay-Off Pay Plans
Nov. 12, 1953  Jobless Compensation in Boom and Recession
Feb. 25, 1949  Defenses Against Unemployment
Jul. 30, 1945  Full Employment
Nov. 25, 1940  Unemployment Compensation
Jul. 10, 1939  Problem of the Migrant Unemployed
May 19, 1936  Unemployment and Recovery
Sep. 02, 1931  Public Employment Exchanges
Aug. 19, 1929  The Stabilization of Employment
Feb. 21, 1928  The Employment Situation in the United States
Jan. 23, 1926  Unemployment Insurance in the United States
Unemployment and Employment Programs