Diplomatic Recognition

February 9, 1944

Report Outline
Present and Future Problems of Recognition
Recognition in International Law
Recognition Policies of the United States
Concerted Action on New Governments

Present and Future Problems of Recognition

Action of Bolvia; Argentine Break with Axis

The Power of established governments to recognize new states, or new governments in existing states, may be employed by the dominant nations after the war as a leading means of accomplishing their political designs. The power of recognition may be used, on the one hand, to extend democratic principles—on the continent of Europe and elsewhere; on the other hand, it is capable of use by the dominant governments to recreate balances of power, with little regard for the wishes or the welfare of the peoples concerned.

Attention has been drawn to the power of diplomatic recognition by the events that followed the recent denial of such recognition to the new revolutionary government of Bolivia. It was announced by the State Department at Washington, Jan. 24, that the United States would not recognize the new Bolivian regime; announcement that Great Britain would withhold recognition was made at London on the same day. Official recognition was extended to the new government by Argentina, Jan. 3, two weeks after it has come into power at LaPaz, but all other republics of the Western Hemisphere have since announced policies duplicating those of the United States and Great Britain.

The Washington announcement of Jan. 24 attributed the denial of recognition by the United States to an association with the change of government in Bolivia of “subversive groups hostile to the Allied cause.” On Jan. 26 Argentina announced the discovery by its police of “the existence of a vast espionage network” in Argentine territory and this discovery was made the basis for a break in diplomatic relations with Germany and Japan—a consummation long desired by the United States and other American republics.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
World War II
Jul. 20, 1944  Foreign Relief
Feb. 09, 1944  Diplomatic Recognition
May 07, 1943  Colonies After the War
Feb. 08, 1943  War Experience of British Newspapers
May 28, 1942  North Pacific Fronts
May 07, 1942  Invasion of Europe
Apr. 06, 1942  Governments in Exile
Sep. 13, 1941  Britain's Dominions and the European War
Aug. 29, 1940  Foreign Policy of the Roosevelt Administration
Jun. 17, 1940  Gateways to the Mediterranean
Diplomacy and Diplomats
International Law and Agreements