Civilian Production in a War Economy

July 27, 1943

Report Outline
Balancing Civilian Requirements and War Needs
Wartime Restrictions on Consumers' Goods
Controlled Distribution of Raw Materials
Steps Toward Resuming Civilian Production

Balancing Civilian Requirements and War Needs

Importance of Civilian Economy to the War Effort

Production to meet home front necessities has been clearly recognized by war administrators at Washington during recent months as an integral part of an efficient war economy. Raw materials have been made available out of still short supplies for increased production of such homely items as bedsprings and baby carriages. Manufacture of slide fasteners for civilian use may be resumed on a small scale during the next few months. The output of farm machinery, after having been sharply curtailed earlier in the war, is now being expanded almost to prewar levels.

When allocations of basic raw materials for the October-December quarter of 1943 are announced, early in August, by the Requirements Committee of the War Production Board, they will be closely scanned for indications of an acceleration in present trends toward an increase in the supply of durable goods to meet pressing needs of the civilian population.

Donald M. Nelson, chairman of the War Production Board, has consistently opposed the use of scarce materials needed for war in the manufacture of “non-essential” civilian products. At the same time, he has repeatedly stated—with increased emphasis during recent months—that a sound civilian economy is essential to maximum war production.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
United States During World War II
Mar. 13, 1945  The Nation's Health
Aug. 14, 1943  Quality Labeling
Aug. 06, 1943  Voting in 1944
Jul. 27, 1943  Civilian Production in a War Economy
Mar. 08, 1943  Labor Turnover and Absenteeism
Nov. 06, 1942  War Contracts and Profit Limitation
Oct. 10, 1942  Control of Manpower
Aug. 14, 1942  Soldiers and Politics
Jul. 16, 1942  Reduction of Non-War Government Spending
Jul. 08, 1942  Education for War Needs
Jun. 20, 1942  Roll Calls in 1942 Campaign
Jun. 12, 1942  War Shipping and Shipbuilding
Apr. 30, 1942  Forced Evacuations
Apr. 21, 1942  Politics in Wartime
Apr. 14, 1942  Agricultural Import Shortages
Feb. 10, 1942  Disease in Wartime
Jan. 12, 1942  Wartime Rationing
Jun. 19, 1941  Sabotage
Dec. 13, 1940  Shipping and the War
Oct. 24, 1940  Price Control in Wartime
Jul. 20, 1940  Labor in Wartime
Oct. 05, 1937  Alien Political Agitation in the United States
Economic Analyses, Forecasts, and Statistics
U.S. at War: World War II
War and Conflict
World War II