American and British Relations with Russia

April 1, 1943

Report Outline
Soviet-American Cooperation in World War II
Great Britain and the Soviet Union
American-Soviet Backgrounds
Soviet and American Differences

Soviet-American Cooperation in World War II

Basic Russian-American Agreement of 1942

The United States and the U. S. S. R. are cooperating in World War II under an agreement “on the principles applying to mutual aid in the prosecution of the war against aggression” signed between Secretary of State Hull and Soviet Ambassador Maxim Litvinoff on June 11, 1942. Soviet Foreign Commissar Molotov, who had completed a five-day visit to Washington on June 4, participated in the shaping of the Russian-American agreement. Molotov had flown to Washington from London, where he had negotiated a 20-year mutual assistance treaty with Great Britain.

The document signed at Washington pledged the continued adherence of the United States and Soviet Russia to the principles of the Atlantic Charter. It acknowledged, on the part of the Government of the United States, “that the defense of the U. S. S. R. against aggression is vital to the defense of the United States of America,” and accordingly provided for speeding the flow of materials for defense to the Soviet Union under the lend-lease system. In return, the U. S. S. R. was pledged to provide “such articles, services, facilities or information as it may be in a position to supply.”

In the first paragraph of the Washington agreement, the two governments declared “that they are engaged in a cooperative undertaking, together with every other nation or people of like mind, to the end of laying the bases of a just and enduring world peace securing order under law to themselves and all nations.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
Diplomacy and Diplomats
Regional Political Affairs: Europe
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union