Roll Calls in 1942 Campaign

June 20, 1942

Report Outline
Roll Calls in the 1942 Campaign
Roll Calls on Defense and Foreign Policy
Special Focus

Roll Calls in the 1942 Campaign

Whatever may be the average voter's present degree of interest in prewar records of members of Congress on issues connected with the war, an active campaign is under way to intensify that interest, and to convince the voter that he should cast his ballot for no man who failed to give full adherence to foreign policies of the Roosevelt administration during the period of non-belligerency. Leadership in this effort has been assumed by three recently-formed associations, each having a considerable membership organized on a national basis. They are the Union for Democratic Action, Citizens for Victory, and Vote for Freedom, all with headquarters in New York City.

Organized support for the isolationist members of Congress now under attack had been promised by an announcement of the America First Committee, December 1, 1941, at its national headquarters at Chicago, that it was reorganizing on a political basis and would seek reelection for all senators and representatives who had taken the non-interventionist position. Immediately after Pearl Harbor, however, the America First Committee disbanded its organization, pledging the support of its members to the United States war effort.

Roll Calls in the Battle of the Ballots

The chief weapons forged by national organizations seeking to terminate the political lives of prewar isolationists have been compilations of House and Senate voting records, designed to show who were the “obstructionists and appeasers” before the United States entered the war. Two months after Pearl Harbor—at a time when local organizations “for democracy” were multiplying rapidly—President Roosevelt said that what the United States needed when at war was congressmen who would back up their government and who had records of backing up the country in an emergency, regardless of party.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
United States During World War II
Mar. 13, 1945  The Nation's Health
Aug. 14, 1943  Quality Labeling
Aug. 06, 1943  Voting in 1944
Jul. 27, 1943  Civilian Production in a War Economy
Mar. 08, 1943  Labor Turnover and Absenteeism
Nov. 06, 1942  War Contracts and Profit Limitation
Oct. 10, 1942  Control of Manpower
Aug. 14, 1942  Soldiers and Politics
Jul. 16, 1942  Reduction of Non-War Government Spending
Jul. 08, 1942  Education for War Needs
Jun. 20, 1942  Roll Calls in 1942 Campaign
Jun. 12, 1942  War Shipping and Shipbuilding
Apr. 30, 1942  Forced Evacuations
Apr. 21, 1942  Politics in Wartime
Apr. 14, 1942  Agricultural Import Shortages
Feb. 10, 1942  Disease in Wartime
Jan. 12, 1942  Wartime Rationing
Jun. 19, 1941  Sabotage
Dec. 13, 1940  Shipping and the War
Oct. 24, 1940  Price Control in Wartime
Jul. 20, 1940  Labor in Wartime
Oct. 05, 1937  Alien Political Agitation in the United States
Campaigns and Elections
Congress Actions