Enforcement of World Peace

October 30, 1941

Report Outline
Continuing Search for Means to Prevent War
Promotion of Plans to Enforce Peace, 1915–19
League of Nations and Peace Enforcement
New Proposals for Enforcement of Peace

Continuing Search for Means to Prevent War

Occurrence of a second World War so soon after conclusion of the last great conflict, despite the erection of machinery designed to avert repetition of such a calamity, has had the effect of stimulating, rather than discouraging, study and discussion of means of assuring permanent world peace, once the present conflict has been terminated. The far-reaching devastation and disruption caused by the last war provided the impetus to consideration and adoption of an unprecedented plan of international cooperation for the preservation of peace. Today, notwithstanding the complete failure of the League of Nations to accomplish its primary objective, the renewal of war on a grand scale is calling forth equally determined efforts to find a way of guaranteeing peace among nations. While the League failed, it at least provided a valuable object lesson in international organization, which can be put to good account in the attempt to build a stronger and more effective structure for the ordering of world peace.

American Participation in Making and Keeping Peace

The United States, through President Wilson, played a dominant role in the founding of the League of Nations, but this country refused to accept the responsibilities of membership in the organization which it had helped to create. As the prospect of another general European war drew closer, Congress, through neutrality legislation, set up safeguards intended to prevent this country's involvement. American interests were nevertheless profoundly affected by the struggle that began in 1939. The steps deemed necessary to protect them brought the United States into progressively closer association with the enemies of Hitler, until it has now become in effect their ally.

If Hitler is at length overcome, the United States, even though it may not have formally entered the war, will have contributed so greatly to that result that it will unquestionably have a hand in the making of the peace. Recognition of that fact was implicit in the drawing up, by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, of the so-called Atlantic Charter, embodying “certain common principles in the national policies of their respective countries on which they base their hopes for a better future for the world.” This statement of peace aims was a joint declaration which clearly signified the intention of the American and British governments to cooperate as closely in the organization of peace, “after the final destruction of the Nazi tyranny,” as they are now cooperating to bring about Hitler's defeat.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
World WarII Raw Materials
Oct. 17, 1942  Silver in the War Effort
Oct. 03, 1942  European Food Resources
Sep. 14, 1942  Concentration of Production
Aug. 01, 1942  Rubber Supplies and Replacements
Jun. 05, 1942  Access to Raw Materials
Oct. 30, 1941  Enforcement of World Peace
Sep. 04, 1940  Problems of Tin and Rubber Supply
Feb. 08, 1940  Economic Weapons in the European War
International Law and Agreements