The President and the Congress

March 12, 1935

Report Outline
Roosevelt and the New Deal Congresses
Development of Presidential Leadership
Legislative Checks on the Executive Branch

Roosevelt and the New Deal Congresses

Defeats for President in Second New Deal Congress

Revolt in congress, touched off by the President's defeat at the hands of the Senate on the prevailing wage issue, now threatens the entire legislative program of the administration for the present session. A new Senate test on the prevailing wage issue is in immediate prospect. Administration leaders assert their confidence that enough changes in votes have been brought about to defeat the McCarran (D., Nev.) prevailing wage amendment on this second test, but the methods by which the reported changes were effected has created ill-feeling in the Senate, which threatens later reverses for the President on other features of the work-relief bill.

The legislative program was delayed for nearly three weeks while the administration re-formed its lines. Aside from the World Court protocol, which was rejected by the Senate on January 29, no measure involving an important question of public policy has yet come to a final vote in either house. Among the measures which have been delayed, some of which are now threatened with abandonment, are the administration's social security bill, its banking and holding company bills, the N. R. A. extension, railroad legislation, and the regular appropriation measures.

Recently the spirit of revolt has spread from the Senate to the House. Arthur Krock, editorial correspondent at Washington of the New York Times, warned ten days ago that: “Essential control of Congress on the bonus, inflation, and the costs of social security may hang upon the President's attitude toward the senators who have, flouted him, after requiring and receiving from the House support which many representatives thought perilous when they rendered it.” The last week has seen the organization of a new group in the House, including Democrats, Republicans, Progressives, and Farmer-Laborites, which is pledged to oppose future imposition of “gag rules” and which has a full-fledged legislative program of its own. In addition there is a larger group of 100 or more Democrats who are dissatisfied with the patronage awarded to them to date and are prepared to join with others in obstructing the administration's program until their wishes are met.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Executive Powers and the Presidency
Feb. 24, 2006  Presidential Power
Nov. 15, 2002  Presidential Power
Feb. 02, 2001  The Bush Presidency
Jun. 20, 1997  Line-Item Veto
Jun. 14, 1996  First Ladies
Oct. 21, 1988  Dangers in Presidential Transitions
Jun. 10, 1988  The Quandary of Being Vice President
Jan. 06, 1984  Presidential Advisory Commissions
Jul. 28, 1978  Presidential Popularity
Feb. 13, 1976  Evaluating Presidential Performance
Dec. 12, 1975  Presidential Protection
Jul. 11, 1973  Presidential Reorganization
Mar. 07, 1973  Presidential Accountability
Sep. 24, 1971  Presidential Diplomacy
Nov. 11, 1970  Vice Presidency
Oct. 02, 1968  Presidential Power
Mar. 14, 1966  War Powers of the President
Nov. 23, 1960  Transfer of Executive Power
Apr. 04, 1956  Vice Presidency
Oct. 15, 1952  Change of Presidents
Jun. 09, 1950  President and Mid-Term Elections
Oct. 20, 1948  Federal Patronage
Mar. 24, 1948  The South and the Presidency
Dec. 05, 1947  Military Leaders and the Presidency
Apr. 16, 1947  Veto Power of the President
Sep. 20, 1945  Succession to the Presidency
Sep. 12, 1940  The War Powers of the President
Feb. 11, 1938  Emergency Powers of the President
Jan. 06, 1938  The Power to Declare War
Dec. 28, 1937  Extension of the Veto Power
Dec. 28, 1936  Limitation of the President's Tenure
Mar. 12, 1935  The President and the Congress
Dec. 16, 1932  The Veto Power of the President
May 28, 1931  Presidential Commissions
Oct. 23, 1928  Presidential Appointments and the Senate
Mar. 21, 1928  Business Conditions in Presidential Years
Jan. 20, 1927  The Monroe Doctrine
Mar. 18, 1925  The President's Power of Appointment
Sep. 10, 1923  The President's Position on Patronage
Organization of Congress
Powers and History of the Presidency
Separation of Powers