Russian-American Relations

November 3, 1931

Report Outline
The United States, Russia, and Disarmament
Political Relations Between United States and Russia
The Issue of Soviet Recognition
Soviet-American Trade Relations
Special Focus

The provisional government of Kerensky was overthrown November 7, 1917, after eight months of power, and the present government of Russia was established two days later. The Soviet government will begin its fifteenth year of power on November 9, 1931. The United States was the first of the great powers to recognize the government of Kerensky after the fall of the Romanoffs: today it remains the only great power by which recognition has not been extended to the government of the Soviets.

The coming year, in addition to marking the fifteenth anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution, will witness the completion of the first “Five-Year Plan” of the Soviet government. The execution of this plan, while it has greatly stimulated American exports to Russia, has tended to set the United States and Russia apart as the champions of two radically different social and economic systems—capitalism and communism.

The Soviet Union now ranks as the sixth best market for American products abroad and the growth of commercial intercourse between the two nations has led to agitation for the establishment of diplomatic relations on the ground that such action would give a badly-needed stimulant to American export trade and thus speed recovery from the depression. On the other hand, sales of Soviet products in this country have led to charges of dumping and demands for embargoes which will receive consideration from Congress when it reconvenes in December.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
Regional Political Affairs: Russia and the Former Soviet Union