Military and Naval Expenditures

July 25, 1930

Report Outline
The Kellogg Pact and the London Naval Treaty
Armaments Expenditures of the Great Powers
Armaments Expenditures of the United States
Special Focus

The Kellogg Pact and the London Naval Treaty

The London naval treaty, approved by the Senate, 58 to 9, on July 21, was signed by the President on July 22, 1930—one year, lacking two days, from the going into force of the Kellogg Pact for renunciation of war. According to its supporters, the limitations accepted under the treaty will result in savings to the United States of at least a billion dollars during the next six years. At the same time the new naval construction and replacements the United States is authorized to undertake will cost in the neighborhood of a billion dollars if all the vessels are built.

On the eve of proclaiming the Kellogg Pact, President Hoover issued a formal public statement in which he said:

The American people should understand that current expenditure on strictly military activities of the Army and Navy constitutes the largest military budget of any nation in the world today and at a time when there is less real danger of extensive disturbance to peace than at any time in more than half a century. The hope of tax reduction lies in large degree in our ability to economize on the military and naval expenditure and still maintain adequate defense. Our whole situation is certainly modified by the Kellogg Pact. …

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S. Navy
Jul. 23, 1976  Navy Rebuilding
Mar. 06, 1968  Sea Power and Global Strategy
Oct. 06, 1945  Army-Navy Consolidation
Oct. 02, 1941  Undeclared Naval Warfare
Oct. 25, 1939  Naval Blockades and Submarine Warfare
Nov. 20, 1935  American Naval Policy
Nov. 19, 1934  Naval Limitation and Pacific Problems, 1921–1936
Oct. 27, 1931  The Proposed Naval Holiday
Jul. 25, 1930  Military and Naval Expenditures
Jan. 16, 1930  The London Naval Conference
Sep. 28, 1929  The Anglo-American Naval Situation
Feb. 13, 1928  The 1928 Naval Building Program
Defense Budget