The Permanent Court of International Justice

December 31, 1923
Entire Report
  1. On February 24, 1923, President Harding sent to the Senate a special message urging its “favorable advice and consent” to adhesion by the United States to the special protocol and statute establishing the Permanent Court of International Justice at the Hague. “Such action,” he said, “would add to our own consciousness of participation in the fortunate advancement of international relationship, and remind the world anew that we are ready for our proper part in furthering peace and adding to stability in world affairs.” He submitted also a schedule of reservations suggested by Secretary Hughes end recommended their adoption.

  2. President Coolidge in his recent message to Congress said: For nearly 25 years we have been a member of the Hague Tribunal and have long sought the creation of a permanent world court of justice. I am in full accord with both of these policies and favor the establishment of such a court intended to include the whole world. That is and has long been an American policy.

    “Pending before the Senate is a proposal that this Government give its support to the Permanent Court of International Justice, which is a new and somewhat different plan. This is not a partisan question, *** Partisanship has no place in our foreign relations.

    As I wish to see a court established, and as the proposal presents the only practical plan on which many nations have ever agreed, though it may not meet every desire., I therefore commend it to the favorable consideration, of the Senate, with the proposed reservations clearly indicating, our refusal to adhere to the League of Nations.”

Present Situation in the Senate

  1. The World Court proposal is now awaiting consideration by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Holdover members of this Committee from the last congress counted as opponents of “this Court” are Senators Lodge, Borah, Bandage, Johnson, McCormick, Moses and Wadsworth, Republicans, and Shields, Democrat, New members of the committee counted as favorable to the court are Senators Lenroot, Willis and Pepper, Republicans, although each of these Senators is prepared to insist upon something more drastic than the Hughes reservations. Senator Ships tread the Farmer-Labor member, has not yet defined his position. Senators Robinson, Underwood, Thomas Walsh and Owen, new Democratic members of the committee, favor ratification of the protocol with the Hughes reservations. (For Hughes reservations and Lenroot and Borah proposals.)

  2. The proposal has been pigeon-holed in th

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
World Court
Jun. 17, 1959  World Court and International Law
Jul. 25, 1929  The Kellogg Treaty and the World Court
Dec. 26, 1925  Decisions and Sanctions of the World Court
Dec. 14, 1925  The Senate and the World Court
Jan. 24, 1925  The World Court and the Geneva Protocol
Dec. 31, 1923  The Permanent Court of International Justice
International Law and Agreements