Glossary of terms.

Source: Compiled by CQ Researcher staff

Data for the graphic are as follows:

Term Definitions
Artemis Long-term NASA plan to return humans to the moon and later send them to Mars
Artemis Accords International agreement governing the use of outer space, signed by the United States and 11 other countries
Crew Dragon SpaceX capsule that in 2020 became the first privately owned spacecraft to carry a crew into orbit
Dragonfly Future NASA mission that will explore Saturn's moon Titan
Falcon Heavy SpaceX rocket NASA plans to use to launch parts of Gateway
Gateway Orbiting lunar outpost to be built by NASA and Japan
Ingenuity Small, robotic NASA helicopter operating on Mars and the first aircraft to make a powered, controlled flight on another planet
National Space Council White House council that advises the president on space policy
Orion Space capsule that NASA plans to use to carry astronauts to the moon and Mars
Perseverance NASA rover conducting research on Mars
Space Launch System Super-heavy-lift rocket that will launch Orion capsule into space
Starship Reusable rocket and space capsule that SpaceX will use for missions to Mars and other deep-space destinations.
Tianwen-1 Chinese spacecraft orbiting Mars
U.S. Space Command Previously inactive combatant command reactivated by President Donald Trump in 2019 and responsible for military operations in space
U.S. Space Force New military branch created by President Trump in 2019 that trains and equips personnel who would fight for U.S. Space Command

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