Vietnam Aftermath

January 18, 1974

Report Outline
Situation One Year After Cease-Fire
Communist Threat Since World War II
Proposals to End Fighting in Indochina
Special Focus

Situation One Year After Cease-Fire

Fear of Communist Offensive Early This Year

The agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam was signed at the International Conference Center in Paris on Jan. 27, 1973. The cease-fire agreed to that day by the United States, the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Vietnam (Vietcong) officially ended the longest war in American history. But in Vietnam, there has been little surcease from the hostilities that have tormented Southeast Asia for three decades.

President Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam, never happy with the agreement, spoke bitterly about the present situation in a message to the nation on Nov. 1. “All of you must have seen it as clearly as I do,” he said, “that…there has been no cease-fire at all; in fact, there has been no peace; in fact, the boiling war may erupt all over again at any time.” “The hope entertained by this nation and the world which a year ago was infectious, now turns out to be so much disillusionment,” he continued.

Since the cease-fire went into effect on Jan. 28, as many as 50,000 Vietnamese on both sides have died in military action—more than the number of Americans killed in 10 years of war in Indochina. Only two Americans have been killed in Vietnam in the past year; the first was shot the day after the cease-fire took effect and the second, Army Capt. Richard M. Rees, was machine-gunned to death on Dec. 15 in a Vietcong attack on an unarmed recovery team searching for the body of a U.S. helicopter crewman shot down in 1966.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Vietnam War
Feb. 18, 2000  Legacy of the Vietnam War
Dec. 03, 1993  U.S.-Vietnam Relations
Mar. 18, 1988  Vietnam: Unified, Independent and Poor
Jul. 06, 1984  Agent Orange: The Continuing Debate
Nov. 04, 1983  MIAs: Decade of Frustration
Mar. 11, 1983  Vietnam War Reconsidered
Oct. 21, 1977  Vietnam Veterans: Continuing Readjustment
Jan. 18, 1974  Vietnam Aftermath
Feb. 21, 1973  Vietnam Veterans
Jun. 09, 1971  Prospects for Democracy in South Vietnam
May 06, 1970  Cambodia and Laos: the Widening War
Jan. 07, 1970  War Atrocities and the Law
Jul. 02, 1969  Resolution of Conflicts
Apr. 17, 1968  Reconstruction in South Vietnam
Aug. 23, 1967  Political Evolution in South Viet Nam
Jan. 11, 1967  Rural Pacification in South Viet Nam
May 26, 1965  Political Instability in South Viet Nam
Mar. 25, 1964  Neutralization in Southeast Asia
Apr. 17, 1963  Task in South Viet Nam
Jun. 14, 1961  Guerrilla Warfare
May 17, 1961  Threatened Viet Nam
Sep. 23, 1959  Menaced Laos
Cold War
Conflicts in Asia
Regional Political Affairs: East Asia and the Pacific
U.S. at War: Vietnam
War and Conflict