Cuba Under Castro

July 3, 1968

Report Outline
Conditions in Communist Cuba in 1968
Revolt's Consequences for United States
American Policy Toward Cuba in Future

Conditions in Communist Cuba in 1968

Cuba will celebrate later this month the 15th anniversary of Fidel Castro's attack on the Moncado Barracks at Santiago de Cuba. Although the attack was unsuccessful, it was Castro's initial bid for power and the date on which it occurred—July 26—gave its name to the movement which not much more than five years later put Cuba's old-style dictator, Pulgencio Batista, to flight.

On Jan. 1, 1969, Castro will complete a full decade as leader of what turned out to be the first Communist regime in the Western Hemisphere. Through that period he has managed to keep control of Cuba despite an American-financed attempt at invasion of the country, an economic boycott promoted by the United States, expulsion from the Organization of American States, and frequent quarrels with his principal outside source of assistance, the Soviet Union.

Castro's Cuba remains a thorn in the flesh of the United States. It has opened an avenue to exercise of Soviet influence in the Americas. It is the fountainhead of subversive guerrilla activity in some half-dozen American republics. It also affords Americans who lean toward revolution as a means of righting social wrongs a nearby example of success of a sort.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jun. 12, 2015  Restoring Ties With Cuba
Jul. 20, 2007  Cuba's Future
Dec. 12, 1997  Castro's Next Move
Nov. 29, 1991  Cuba in Crisis
May 20, 1977  Cuban Expansionism
Dec. 19, 1973  Cuba After 15 Years
Jul. 03, 1968  Cuba Under Castro
Apr. 06, 1960  Subversion in Latin America
Jun. 25, 1930  Cuban-American Relations
Diplomacy and Diplomats
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean