Guerrilla Movements in Latin America

July 19, 1967

Report Outline
Guerrilla Activity in Latin America
Theory and Practice of Guerrilla War
Conditions Favoring Latin Guerrillas

Guerrilla Activity in Latin America

Guerrilla activity in Latin America, supported in most cases by the government of Cuban Premier Fidel Castro, is causing deep concern in Washington. President Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin are reported to have discussed Cuban aid to Latin American guerrillas during their meetings at Glassboro, N. J., in late June. Johnson, according to Vice President Humphrey, told Kosygin that the United States “took a very dim view” of Cuba's export of arms and activists to neighboring countries. Kosygin was asked to take up the matter with Castro in Havana—and, Humphrey said, “he did, and very firmly.”

Johnson's feelings about Latin American guerrilla activity are shared by Congress. In a report issued July 3, the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Inter-American Affairs noted that “The new Castroism, reduced to essentials, holds that present ‘neo-colonialism’ in Latin America, ‘under the leadership of Yankee imperialism,’ forecloses the peaceful road to power in most of the area.” It follows, in that view, that “Prolonged armed conflict is …the only possible revolutionary strategy,” and that Latin American revolutionaries “must make guerrilla warfare their principal mode of violence.” The subcommittee concluded that “Guerrilla activities which have taken place in the past few months in several areas of Latin America indicate the situation bears close scrutiny.”

Forthcoming Meeting of Latin Revolutionaries

The House subcommittee added that a meeting in Havana of the Latin American Solidarity Organization, July 28–Aug. 5, “needs to be closely watched.” The Cuban-sponsored solidarity organization has been described as a sort of counterpart of the Organization of American States. Formed after the so-called Tricontinental Conference of January 1966, L.A.S.O. consists of representatives of Communist movements in the various Latin American countries. The forthcoming meeting will have as its theme the injunction that “The duty of all revolutionaries is to make revolutions.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Imperialism, Colonization, and Independence Movements
Latin American Conflicts
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean
War and Conflict