Italian Politics and Elections

March 6, 1963

Report Outline
American Interest in Italian Elections
Problems Confronting New Government
Italy's Years of Transition After War
Italy and the North Atlantic Alliance

American Interest in Italian Elections

Italy's Election Campaign and Kennedy Visit

Attention of Americans will be directed toward Italy during the coming spring by two events: (1) The political campaign culminating in election of a new Chamber of Deputies at the end of April and (2) a state visit to Rome by President Kennedy at an unannounced date after the election. As no break in the leadership of Premier Amintore Fanfani is expected to result from the election, the Kennedy visit will no doubt offer opportunity for continuation on Italian soil of the “cordial and constructive conversations” carried on when Fanfani was in Washington in mid-January.

The joint communiqué issued at the conclusion of those conversations, Jan. 17, announced that the two leaders were agreed on creation of a multilateral nuclear force for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, on admission of Great Britain and other European states to the European Economic Community or Common Market, on increased Italian aid to underdeveloped nations, and on disarmament negotiations. The statements in the communiqué and the announcement the previous day that President Kennedy had accepted an invitation by President Antonio Segni to visit Italy, took on added significance in the light of French President Charles de Gaulle's press conference pronouncements of Jan. 14 signaling France's veto of British entry into the Common Market. It seemed obvious that the White House wished to show special favor toward a country whose foreign policies conformed closely with those of the United States.

Commitment to Western political and economic unity has been a pillar of Italian policy since shortly after World War II. The country's first postwar leaders, Alcide de Gasperi, premier from 1945 to 1953, and Count Sforza, foreign minister until 1951, pushed for greater unity with the West in the face of threats from the Soviet Union and the presence of the largest Communist party of any nation outside Russia. Italy is now a member of every European and international organization of importance.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jan. 10, 1975  Italy's Threatened Democracy
May 08, 1968  Italian Election, 1968
Mar. 06, 1963  Italian Politics and Elections
Sep. 16, 1949  Italian Colonies
Apr. 07, 1948  Italian Election
Apr. 13, 1937  Anglo-Italian Rivalry in the Mediterranean
Nov. 02, 1925  Italy's Capacity to Pay
Regional Political Affairs: Europe