Revolution in the Western Hemisphere

January 11, 1961

Report Outline
Castro's Cuba: New Force in Latin America
United States and Latin Revolutions
Communist Meddling in Latin America

Castro's Cuba: New Force in Latin America

Far-Reaching Influence of Of Cuban Revolution

The threat of Red-tinged revolution in many parts of Latin America in the early future confronts the United States with an unprecedented challenge. It is that the country come to grips with conditions making for political instability in nations to the south and thus foster orderly, free government throughout the hemisphere. The basic situation has not been changed, and may have been aggravated, by the United States severance on Jan. 3 of diplomatic relations with Cuba; nor would the challenge be removed by a complete diplomatic quarantine of the Castro regime by all other American states, For, as President-elect John F. Kennedy warned last Oct. 21, this country's troubles with Castro's Cuba are “only the beginning of our difficulties throughout Latin America.” Kennedy emphasized that the security of the United States “depends on Latin America” and said “The big struggle will be to prevent the influence of Castro from spreading to other countries.”

Widespread illiteracy and lack of experience with democratic practices; corruption, police brutality and Communist subversion; desperate poverty and economic under-development all have contributed to a faltering of free government in the southern half of the Western Hemisphere. Under these conditions, the Cuban revolution has served as a powerful catalyst for the forces of social discontent. William Benton, former Assistant Secretary of State, pointed out six months ago that:

A revolution is under way throughout Latin America—the struggle of 180 million people to propel themselves out of a feudal society and into the 20th century. A new middle class provides the energy and the leadership for this revolution. An old aristocracy resists, and a voiceless population of Indians, peons, and city slum dwellers watches.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Imperialism, Colonization, and Independence Movements
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean
U.S. at War: Cold War