Inter-American System

February 10, 1960

Report Outline
Evolution of Inter-American System
O.A.S. and Initial Postwar Problems
Projects for Economic Cooperation

Evolution of Inter-American System

Aims of Eisenhower's South American Tour

When president eisenhower takes off for South America on Washington's Birthday, he will, in a sense, be blazing by air a route that President Franklin D. Roosevelt pioneered by sea nearly a quarter of a century ago. Roosevelt, the first President to visit South America while in office, traveled to Argentina by way of Brazil—with a later call at the capital of Uruguay—to open a conference of the American republics that took the first steps to develop an inter-American system of mutual security. Eisenhower's mission to the same three countries—with a side trip across the Andes to Chile—is for the purpose of building up a fund of good will to facilitate development of instrumentalities for inter-American economic cooperation.

A White House statement on Jan. 6 said the President hoped that his tour would “publicly reflect his deep interest in all the countries of the New World and encourage further development of the inter-American system.” On an earlier trip to Latin America—to attend a meeting in Panama commemorating the 130th anniversary of the first inter-American conference—President Eisenhower joined the heads of 18 other American republics in signing the Declaration of Panama, July 22, 1956. One paragraph of the declaration called for “intensification of national and inter-American cooperative efforts to seek the solution of economic problems and to raise the standards of living of the continent.”

Since the days of World War II, when cooperation among the countries of the Western Hemisphere reached a high mark, many Latin American leaders and groups have borne a grievance against their big neighbor to the north. Reduction of the high war demand for Latin American food and raw material exports brought economic disruption and hardship to numerous countries in Central and South America. Meanwhile, the United States was distributing billions of dollars in aid of various kinds among European and Far Eastern countries, but comparatively little among fellow members of the American community, Pleas for a larger share of this bounty and for United States participation in various collective economic projects seemed to fall on deaf or unsympathetic ears in Washington.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Bilateral and Regional Trade
Diplomacy and Diplomats
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean