Economic Cold War

January 11, 1956

Report Outline
Foreign Aid Competition in the Cold War
Economic Resources of East and of West
Balance Sheet of Foreign Aid in Key Areas
Special Focus

Foreign Aid Competition in the Cold War

The budget message to be sent to Congress on Jan. 16 will contain detailed requests in support of the administration's already disclosed plan to seek a substantial increase in foreign aid appropriations. The purpose of the increase is, not to expand current outlays by an equivalent amount, but to fill the depleted foreign aid pipeline and make it possible to keep military and economic assistance flowing to other nations at approximately the present rate.

The administration's desire to keep foreign aid spending at present levels for a more or less indefinite period comes as a shock to members of Congress, who had expected a tapering-off of economic, if not military, assistance to countries abroad. However, President Eisenhower said in his State of the Union message, Jan. 5, that “We must sustain and fortify our mutual security program.” Foreign aid recipients needed “assurance of continuity in economic assistance for development projects and programs which.,. require a period of years for planning and completion.”

To assure continuity, the administration is asking not only for replenishment of the foreign aid pipeline but also for a grant of “limited authority to make longer-term commitments for assistance to such [development] projects.” The latter request seems clearly to apply to projects like the high dam which Egypt is planning to build on the Nile at Aswan.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
Humanitarian Assistance
International Economic Development
U.S. at War: Cold War