German Rearmament

October 19, 1954

Report Outline
Western Unity and Germany's Defense Role
Major Decisions of the London Conference
Efforts to Control German Military Power
German Attitudes on Rearmament and Unity
Special Focus

Western Unity and Germany's Defense Role

Success of the nine-power conference at London three O weeks ago, following close on the grave setback to North Atlantic defense planning administered by French rejection of the European Defense Community treaty, put an entirely new face on the prospects for final composure of differences on German rearmament. Although the London agreements-in-principle did not bridge completely the gap left in the defense structure by demise of the E.D.C. project, they marked the reassuring beginning of a fresh collective effort to achieve West European unity and security.

The general principles laid down at London between Sept. 28 and Oct. 3 established a new framework within which the German Federal Republic is expected to assume, by stages, a vital role in development of the western defense system on the Continent of Europe. The Federal Republic is promised virtual sovereignty, with termination of the occupation regime “as soon as possible”; it is to be offered equal partnership in the North Atlantic alliance; and, together with Italy, it is to be invited to join a strengthened Brussels treaty organization, whose members are pledged to go automatically to one another's assistance in the event of external aggression.

Steps Necessary to Implement London Accord

Many steps remain to be taken before the general principles agreed on at London are put in treaty form for ratification by the governments concerned. Important decisions relating to German sovereignty, left open at the London meeting, must be worked out in detail by the three occupying powers in collaboration with the West German government. Complex problems will have to be solved by the Brussels treaty powers, particularly the problem of devising controversial armament controls on Germany and the other continental nations.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Dec. 22, 1989  A Primer on German Reunification
Apr. 19, 1985  German Reconciliation
Feb. 25, 1983  West Germany's ‘Missile’ Election
Jan. 14, 1970  German Reconciliation
Jan. 29, 1969  West German Prosperity
Mar. 30, 1966  German Border Question and Reunification
Aug. 18, 1965  West German Election, 1965
Feb. 24, 1965  War Guilt Expiation
Jul. 01, 1964  German Question
Sep. 01, 1961  Captive East Germany
Aug. 23, 1961  West German Election, 1961
May 04, 1960  Berlin Question
Dec. 24, 1958  Berlin Crisis and German Reunification
Aug. 21, 1957  German Election, 1957
Oct. 19, 1955  European Security
Jun. 15, 1955  Germany and the Balance of Power
Oct. 19, 1954  German Rearmament
Jan. 19, 1954  West German Recovery
Mar. 12, 1953  Harassed Berlin
Apr. 26, 1950  German Problem
Feb. 18, 1948  Rehabilitation of the Ruhr
Oct. 23, 1946  Future of Germany
Nov. 25, 1944  Transfers of Populations
Nov. 01, 1940  Economic Controls in Nazi Germany
Mar. 09, 1939  Foreign Trade in German Economy
Apr. 02, 1936  Germany's Post-War European Relations
Nov. 02, 1934  The Coming Saab Plebiscite
Apr. 23, 1931  The Austro-German Customs Union Project
Feb. 05, 1929  The Rhineland Problem
Nov. 07, 1924  German National Elections December, 1924
Apr. 30, 1924  The German National Elections
Arms Control and Disarmament
International Law and Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: Europe