Communism in Latin America

March 2, 1954

Report Outline
Communist Issue at Inter-American Conference
Extent of Communist Penetration in Hemisphere
Inter–American Action on Threats to Security
Special Focus

Communist Issue at Inter-American Conference

The threat of Communist penetration in the Western Hemisphere has become a matter of serious concern to the United States and many of its sister republics in Latin America. The nature of the threat—and of effective measures to combat it—is posing major problems for the Tenth Inter-American Conference now getting under way at Caracas in Venezuela.

Serious charges have been leveled against one American state—Guatemala—whose government is accused of harboring a Communist conspiracy and permitting use of its territory as a base for Soviet operations. Official denials by the Guatemalan government have included counter charges of “intervention” by the United States and European powers with possessions in the hemisphere.

United States Concern Over Red Penetration

In the United States, sharp warnings have come from congressional leaders who see the spread of international Communism as the gravest danger confronting the New World. Chairman Wiley (R., Wis.) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in a speech on events in Guatemala, Jan. 14, said “the source of our concern is that Guatemala has become a beachhead for international Communism in this hemipshere.” Wiley listed “22 facts … to prove the interlocking relationship between Guatemalan Communism and Moscow Communism” and said developments in Guatemala would be watched closely “not only by myself, but by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and elsewhere in the Congress.”

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean
U.S. at War: Cold War