Japan and Pacific Security

February 28, 1951

Report Outline
New Effort to Make Peace Eith Japan
Terms of Japanese Peace Settlement
Defense of Japan and Pacific Security

New Effort to Make Peace Eith Japan

Prospects for early conclusion of a Japanese peace settlement have been measurably advanced by the series of exploratory discussions which John Foster Dulles recently conducted in Japan, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand. A previous attempt to conclude peace with Japan, initiated by the United States in 1947, was abandoned when Moscow objected to the proposed treaty-making procedure. Although the Soviet government is expected to persist in its objections, it is believed that they will not now be allowed to prevent a settlement between Japan and those nations prepared to terminate the state of war that still technically exists five and one-half years after V-J Day. On his return to Washington, Feb. 25, Dulles said “We are in shape to go ahead promptly.”

Preliminary Steps in Revival of Treaty Project

The current treaty effort began in earnest last May, when President Truman gave the State Department the go-ahead signal. Study of the question had been resumed in the autumn of 1949 after Secretary of State Acheson, British Foreign Secretary Bevin, and French Foreign Minister Schuman had agreed on the advisability of a fresh move for peace with Japan. The foreign ministers of Australia, New Zealand, and other British Commonwealth countries, meeting at Colombo, Ceylon, in January 1950, added their support for early negotiation of a treaty. But the project lagged when Washington became apprehensive about terminating the occupation and withdrawing troops from Japan in the changed situation produced by the Communist conquest of all China. Last May, however, President Truman decided against further delay, and the State Department turned over to Dulles, who had recently been appointed a special adviser to the Secretary of State, the task of proceeding with the treaty preparations.

In mid-September, the President announced that he had authorized informal discussions “as to future procedure” with the 12 other nations represented on the Far Eastern Commission, and Dulles held conversations with their representatives at the United Nations during the fall. At the end of October the State Department circulated a memorandum setting forth principles which it suggested should be embodied in a treaty with Japan.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jul. 26, 2002  Japan in Crisis
May 31, 1991  The U.S. And Japan
Apr. 09, 1982  Tensions in U.S.-Japanese Relations
Jul. 01, 1977  Japanese Elections
Mar. 04, 1970  Emergent Japan
Jun. 25, 1969  Okinawa Question
Jan. 05, 1966  Rising Japanese Nationalism
Jun. 02, 1960  Japan: Disturbed Ally
Nov. 18, 1959  Japanese Competition in International Trade
May 11, 1955  Relations With Japan
Nov. 03, 1954  Japan's Economy
Jan. 09, 1952  Trade with Japan
Feb. 28, 1951  Japan and Pacific Security
Sep. 19, 1947  Peace with Japan
Aug. 14, 1945  Emperor of Japan
Nov. 03, 1944  Russo-Japanese Relations
Dec. 09, 1939  The United States and Japan's New Order in Asia
Dec. 05, 1938  Japan and the Open Door Policy
Apr. 29, 1935  Japanese Foreign Trade Expansion
May 11, 1934  Japanese Policy in Asia
Oct. 12, 1932  Japanese-American Relations
Mar. 17, 1932  Boycotts and Embargoes
Feb. 10, 1932  Militarism Vs. Liberalism in Japan
Alliances and Security Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: East Asia and the Pacific