War Aid from Latin America

September 18, 1950

Report Outline
Latin America and Hemisphere Defense
U.S. Policies and Latin American Politics
Latin American Support in the Korean War
Special Focus

Latin America and Hemisphere Defense

Inter-American Relations and War Emergencies

Latin American support for United States and United Nations action in Korea, though not yet made fully effective, has provided a strong demonstration of Western Hemisphere solidarity against Communist aggression. Signs of Yankeephobia and isolationism in nationalist regimes which have gained power in Latin America since World War II, however, leave questions as to the extent and effectiveness of the aid to be anticipated from that region in the event of a major conflict.

A presidential election in Brazil on Oct. 3 may furnish some indication of the strength of anti-United States sentiment in the nation that traditionally has been the best South American friend of this country. Getulio Vargas has attempted, in his formidable campaign for return to the presidency, to make political capital of alleged intervention by the United States in the 1945 Brazilian election. Reports of close relations of Vargas with Argentine President Peron, moreover, have engendered fears that a Vargas victory would not be propitious from the standpoint of the United States.

Relations with Argentina, severely strained during the war and immediate postwar years, recently have been measurably improved. Extension of a $125 million Export-Import Bank credit, whose detailed terms are now being negotiated, followed removal by Peron of certain restrictions on United States business firms. Argentina's ratification of the Rio defense pact in August, moreover, has brought that nation finally into the formal inter-American arrangements for collective security.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Alliances and Security Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean