Discrimination in Employment

December 17, 1948

Report Outline
Anti-Bias Legislation in New Congress
Movement for a Permanent F. E. P. C.
Extent of Postwar Job Discrimination
Success of State-Local Anti-Bias Laws
Special Focus

Anti-Bias Legislation in New Congress

Federal action to abolish discrimination in employment on account of race, religion or national origin is the most controversial point of President Truman's civil rights program. Legislation to carry out other principal points of that program may be accepted by the new Democratic Congress in compromise form, but fair employment practice legislation, in any form, will meet determined opposition from the southern wing of the President's party.

Southern senators have said they will not attempt to block action to abolish the poll tax as a prerequisite to voting in federal elections—if the legislation is offered in the form of a constitutional amendment, subject to ratification by the legislatures of the states. A federal anti-lynch bill might likewise escape a filibuster if states which have their own statutes for punishment of lynching were excepted from its operation. The House would probably give quick approval to any legislation in these fields which can be got through the Senate, for the House has passed anti-lynch bills twice and anti-poll tax bills three times in the past, under both Republican and Democratic control.

No fair employment practice bill has ever passed the House or the Senate and no compromise has been suggested from any quarter which would remove southern opposition to such legislation. In the Democratic 79th Congress an administration F.E.P.C. bill was filibustered to death in the Senate; in the Republican 80th Congress no attempt to get action on an F.E.P.C. bill was made in either house.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement
Jul. 22, 2022  Black Hairstyles
Nov. 15, 1985  Black America Long March for Equality
Aug. 12, 1983  Black Political Power
Jan. 18, 1980  Black Leadership Question
Aug. 15, 1973  Black Americans, 1963–1973
Nov. 26, 1969  Racial Discrimination in Craft Unions
Sep. 11, 1968  Black Pride
Feb. 21, 1968  Negro Power Struggle
Mar. 08, 1967  Negroes in the Economy
Jan. 19, 1966  Changing Southern Politics
Oct. 27, 1965  Negroes in the North
Jul. 21, 1965  Negro Revolution: Next Steps
Oct. 14, 1964  Negro Voting
Sep. 21, 1964  Negroes and the Police
Jul. 03, 1963  Right of Access to Public Accommodations
Jan. 23, 1963  Negro Jobs and Education
Mar. 25, 1960  Violence and Non-Violence in Race Relations
Aug. 05, 1959  Negro Employment
Apr. 18, 1956  Racial Issues in National Politics
Apr. 18, 1951  Progress in Race Relations
Dec. 17, 1948  Discrimination in Employment
Jan. 10, 1947  Federal Protection of Civil Liberties
Aug. 25, 1944  The Negro Vote
Jul. 01, 1942  Racial Discrimination and the War Effort
Mar. 25, 1939  Civil and Social Rights of the Negro
Jul. 22, 1927  Disenfranchisement of the Negro in the South
Equal Employment Opportunity & Discrimination