Arming the Americas

October 31, 1947

Report Outline
Plan for Hemisphere Military Cooperation
New Rio Treaty and Continental Defense
Arms Project and Inter-American Relations
Special Focus

Plan for Hemisphere Military Cooperation

Two Projects to enhance the individual and collective security of nations of the Western Hemisphere will come before Congress at its next regular session. The Senate will be asked to approve the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, signed at Rio de Janeiro on Sept. 2, 1947; both houses will be asked to adopt legislation, twice recommended by President Truman, to authorize a far-reaching program of continental military cooperation under the leadership of the United States.

The Treaty of Rio de Janeiro, supplanting the temporary wartime Act of Chapultepec, makes aggression against any one of the American republics, from within or without the continent, the concern of all the republics and commits each one of them to assist a victim of aggression. Under the proposed “Inter-American Military Cooperation Act,” put forward as a measure to implement the new regional security treaty, the United States would supply arms to other American states and assist in training their armed services, aiming thereby to standardize the equipment and organization of the military, naval and air forces of the individual nations.

Approval of Truman Proposal by House Committee

President Truman first asked Congress to authorize the military cooperation program in a special message on May 6, 1946. A year later, on May 26, 1947, he renewed the request in another special message which was largely a repetition of what he had said on the subject originally. The President observed that “The close collaboration of the American republics provided for in the Act of Chapultepec, the proposed treaty to be based upon that act, and other basic inter-American documents, makes it highly desirable to standardize military organization, training methods, and equipment as has been recommended by the Inter-American Defense Board.” He added that “A special responsibility rests upon the United States in this matter because of the preponderant technical, economic, and military resources of this country.” The President anticipated certain objections to the program by saying:

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Alliances and Security Agreements
Regional Political Affairs: Canada
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean