Loyalty in Government

September 11, 1946

Report Outline
POstwar Problem of Divided Loyalties
Wartime Loyalty Tests for Civil Servants
Need of Better Protections Against Disloyalty

POstwar Problem of Divided Loyalties

Demands for New Safeguards Against Subversion

Rising tension in relations between the United States and Soviet Russia has forced serious attention to the problem of assuring the loyalty of all government officials and employees. Recurrent charges that the federal establishment is permeated with “Communists, pink Socialists, and fellow-travelers” have been generally discounted by the American public, but the spy revelations in Canada during the summer of 1946 brought new demands in Congress for effective measures to guard government offices against infiltration by adherents of foreign ideologies.

The asserted presence of “subversive elements” in some of the departments at Washington has already been seized upon by opponents of the administration as a promising issue for the 1946 congressional campaign. Former Senator Danaher (R., Conn.) told the Vermont Republican convention, in a keynote address, Sept. 3, that high-level officials were still giving jobs to Communists, and he pledged his party to purge them from the government service. “People cannot be loyal to some alien political cause and still remain loyal to the American cause,” he said.

Wide public support for action to bar Communists from federal offices was indicated by a Gallup poll published Aug. 25, 1946. It reported that only 25 per cent of American voters believed that Communist party members were loyal to the United States rather than to Russia; only 17 per cent believed Communists should be considered for places in the federal civil service.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Sep. 14, 1990  The Western Alliance After the Cold War
Feb. 10, 1989  Soviet Trade: In America's Best Interest?
Nov. 01, 1985  U.S.-Soviet Summitry
Jul. 09, 1982  Controlling Scientific Information
May 25, 1973  Trends in U.S.-Soviet Relations
Apr. 05, 1972  Russia's Diplomatic Offensive
Feb. 09, 1972  Trading with Communist Nations
Mar. 10, 1971  Indian Ocean Policy
Apr. 21, 1965  Negotiations with Communists
Nov. 13, 1963  Scientific Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Oct. 03, 1963  Trade with the Communists
Sep. 11, 1963  Non-Aggression Pacts and Surprise Attack
Oct. 11, 1961  East-West Negotiations
Mar. 29, 1961  Russia and United Nations
Aug. 10, 1960  Challenged Monroe Doctrine
Sep. 02, 1959  American-Soviet Trade
Jul. 03, 1959  Cultural Exchanges with Soviet Russia
Aug. 11, 1958  Conference Diplomacy
Jul. 23, 1958  Limited War
May 14, 1958  Cold War Propaganda
Feb. 26, 1958  Military Disengagement
Feb. 20, 1957  Indirect Aggression
Jul. 25, 1956  Trading with Communists
Jan. 11, 1956  Economic Cold War
Nov. 26, 1954  Peaceful Coexistence
Dec. 01, 1953  Tests of Allied Unity
Sep. 18, 1953  Negotiating with the Reds
Jun. 17, 1953  East-West Trade
Apr. 12, 1951  Non-Military Weapons in Cold-War Offensive
Apr. 20, 1949  Mediterranean Pact and Near East Security
Apr. 28, 1948  Trade with Russia
Sep. 11, 1946  Loyalty in Government
Jul. 31, 1946  Arctic Defenses
Apr. 01, 1943  American and British Relations with Russia
Feb. 24, 1933  Soviet-American Political and Trade Relations
Nov. 03, 1931  Russian-American Relations
Feb. 14, 1924  Russian Trade with the United States
Civil Service
General Defense and National Security