The Nation's Health

March 13, 1945

Report Outline
Health of the Nation in Peace and War
Wartime Advances in Medical Science
Health Protections for Postwar Years

Health of the Nation in Peace and War

Problems connected with the present and future health of the people of the United States have been brought sharply to public attention during the war by new knowledge of the effects of disease upon the nation's manpower resources. Four and a half million men summoned in the draft have been rejected for military service because of physical or mental defects; uncounted millions of days of labor have been lost in war plants since Pearl Harbor as a result of illness and injury among industrial workers.

Congress is expected shortly to give consideration to a broad program for improvement of the nation's health, now and after the war. Extensive hearings have been held, and four interim reports have been submitted by a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Education and Labor, which was directed in 1943 to “study and investigate the deficiencies in health and education of persons otherwise fit for service with the armed forces” or for employment in industry or in agriculture. Pending submission of the final report of the Committee on Wartime Health and Education, seven measures dealing with specific health problems have been introduced by individual members of Congress.

Effects of Disease on Manpower Resources

The country has been told by the Selective Service System that of the first ten million men inducted into the military forces only two million had no physical impairment. Six and a half million of the inductees had minor defects; one and a half million had major handicaps which needed correction before they could be assigned to active duty. Because of the rejection of four and a half million men found wholly unfit for service, it has been necessary to take hundreds of thousands of men with heavy family responsibilities, or possessed of skills needed in war industry, to fill Selective Service quotas.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
United States During World War II
Mar. 13, 1945  The Nation's Health
Aug. 14, 1943  Quality Labeling
Aug. 06, 1943  Voting in 1944
Jul. 27, 1943  Civilian Production in a War Economy
Mar. 08, 1943  Labor Turnover and Absenteeism
Nov. 06, 1942  War Contracts and Profit Limitation
Oct. 10, 1942  Control of Manpower
Aug. 14, 1942  Soldiers and Politics
Jul. 16, 1942  Reduction of Non-War Government Spending
Jul. 08, 1942  Education for War Needs
Jun. 20, 1942  Roll Calls in 1942 Campaign
Jun. 12, 1942  War Shipping and Shipbuilding
Apr. 30, 1942  Forced Evacuations
Apr. 21, 1942  Politics in Wartime
Apr. 14, 1942  Agricultural Import Shortages
Feb. 10, 1942  Disease in Wartime
Jan. 12, 1942  Wartime Rationing
Jun. 19, 1941  Sabotage
Dec. 13, 1940  Shipping and the War
Oct. 24, 1940  Price Control in Wartime
Jul. 20, 1940  Labor in Wartime
Oct. 05, 1937  Alien Political Agitation in the United States
Medical Devices and Technology
Medical Research and Advocacy