Labor Turnover and Absenteeism

March 8, 1943

Report Outline
Full Utilization of the Available Labor Force
Extent of Absenteeism in War Industry
Extent of Labor Turnover in Industry
Remedies Fox Turnover and Absenteeism
Special Focus

Full Utilization of the Available Labor Force

At a time when Allied forces are preparing to come to grips with the Axis on the continent of Europe, high rates of absenteeism and labor turnover at war plants in the United States are causing concern to the government at Washington and to the public at large.

Since the American declarations of war, the loss of working time through strikes has been negligible in comparison with manhours lost through job changes and intermittent absences from work. As the problem of regularizing the flow of raw materials to war plants yields to solution, the twin problems of labor turnover and absenteeism are emerging as leading obstacles to maximum production of war materials for the fighting forces.

In normal years, rates of turnover and absenteeism tend to reach peaks during periods of advancing wage rates and high industrial activity, but the “cushion” supply of labor is usually sufficient to prevent a curtailment of output. At present, however, the supply of unemployed labor has been virtually exhausted and the critical shortage of workers at war centres is being aggravated as additional men are drafted from civilian life. Reduction in rates of absenteeism and turnover among the remaining workers is essential to full utilization of the available labor force.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
United States During World War II
Mar. 13, 1945  The Nation's Health
Aug. 14, 1943  Quality Labeling
Aug. 06, 1943  Voting in 1944
Jul. 27, 1943  Civilian Production in a War Economy
Mar. 08, 1943  Labor Turnover and Absenteeism
Nov. 06, 1942  War Contracts and Profit Limitation
Oct. 10, 1942  Control of Manpower
Aug. 14, 1942  Soldiers and Politics
Jul. 16, 1942  Reduction of Non-War Government Spending
Jul. 08, 1942  Education for War Needs
Jun. 20, 1942  Roll Calls in 1942 Campaign
Jun. 12, 1942  War Shipping and Shipbuilding
Apr. 30, 1942  Forced Evacuations
Apr. 21, 1942  Politics in Wartime
Apr. 14, 1942  Agricultural Import Shortages
Feb. 10, 1942  Disease in Wartime
Jan. 12, 1942  Wartime Rationing
Jun. 19, 1941  Sabotage
Dec. 13, 1940  Shipping and the War
Oct. 24, 1940  Price Control in Wartime
Jul. 20, 1940  Labor in Wartime
Oct. 05, 1937  Alien Political Agitation in the United States
Data and Statistics