The Treaty Power

January 18, 1943

Report Outline
The Congress and the Treaty of Peace
Conflicts of Power in Treaty Making
Constitutional Debates on the Treaty Power
Senate Record on Treaty Ratification
Special Focus

The Congress and the Treaty of Peace

Hopes for End of War During Present Congress

President Roosevelt's annual message, delivered before a joint session of the Senate and House, January 7, 1943, contained a passage which the President later described as an expression of his “hope” that the present war would come to a close before the expiration of the 78th Congress.

I do not prophesy when this war will end [the President said]. But I do believe that this year 1943 will give the United Nations a very substantial advance along the roads that lead to Berlin and Rome and Tokyo. I tell you it is within the realm of possibility that this 78th Congress may have the historic privilege of helping greatly to save the world from future fear.

In addition to a hope that the war would end, the President's statement implied a hope that a peace settlement, based on principles of the Four Freedoms and the Atlantic Charter, would come into effect before January 3, 1945, when the present Congress expires by constitutional limitation.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Constitution and Separation of Powers
Sep. 07, 2012  Re-examining the Constitution
Jan. 29, 1988  Treaty Ratification
Mar. 27, 1987  Bicentennial of the Constitution
Jan. 31, 1986  Constitution Debate Renewed
Mar. 16, 1979  Calls for Constitutional Conventions
Jul. 04, 1976  Appraising the American Revolution
Sep. 12, 1973  Separation of Powers
Jul. 12, 1972  Treaty Ratification
Apr. 19, 1967  Foreign Policy Making and the Congress
Mar. 05, 1947  Contempt of Congress
May 10, 1945  The Tariff Power
Jul. 01, 1943  Executive Agreements
Jun. 01, 1943  Advice and Consent of the Senate
May 24, 1943  Modernization of Congress
Jan. 18, 1943  The Treaty Power
Aug. 24, 1942  Congress and the Conduct of War
May 09, 1940  Congressional Powers of Inquiry
Nov. 09, 1939  Participation by Congress in Control of Foreign Policy
Apr. 21, 1937  Revision of the Constitution
Feb. 24, 1936  Advance Opinions on Constitutional Questions
Oct. 04, 1935  Federal Powers Under the Commerce Clause
Jun. 19, 1935  The President, the Constitution, and the Supreme Court
Sep. 10, 1928  The Senate and the Multilateral Treaty
Dec. 16, 1926  The Senate's Power of Investigation
Oct. 03, 1924  Pending Proposals to Amend the Constitution
International Law and Agreements
U.S. at War: World War II