Politics in Mexico

June 25, 1940

Report Outline
The Presidential Election of 1940
Mexican Revolutions from 1810 to 1917
Mexico Under the 1917 Constitution
Candidates in the 1940 Election

The Presidential Election of 1940

Citizens of Mexico will go to the polls July 7 to elect a president for a six-year term beginning the first of next December. Leading candidates are General Manuel Avila Camacho, liberal, supported by the present administration and by the Mexican Revolutionary Party (P. R. M.), and General Juan Andreu Almazan, who is more conservative, and has the backing of most business men and wealthy landowners. A third candidate, Rafael Sanchez Tapia, is not considered a serious contender.

Mexico has only one permanently organized political party, the P. R. M., formerly the National Revolutionary Party; since it controls the election machinery, “only a miracle” can prevent the election of its candidate. No presidential candidate in the history of Mexico has ever been elected without the support of the administration in power at the time of the election. In 1934, Lazaro Cardenas, the administration candidate and present incumbent, polled 2,268,567 votes to 24,690 for his nearest rival. Cardenas made an active campaign, but as his biographers put it:

Even if he had never left Mexico City, the Michoacan general would have rolled up magnificent majorities. Government employees would vote en masse for the official candidate; the members of the proadministration trade unions and peasant leagues would be herded behind his standard, and should anything go amiss in the outlying districts, zealous party and Gobernacion officials would rectify the voters' error.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Latin America
Sep. 14, 2018  Turmoil in Central America
Jun. 05, 2012  China in Latin America
Mar. 2008  The New Latin America
Jul. 21, 2006  Change in Latin America
Mar. 14, 2003  Trouble in South America
Nov. 09, 2001  U.S.- Mexico Relations
Sep. 19, 1997  Mexico's Future
Jul. 19, 1991  Mexico's Emergence
May 05, 1989  New Approach to Central America
Mar. 06, 1987  Soviets' Latin Influence
Dec. 26, 1986  Pinochet's Chile
Nov. 08, 1985  Troubled Mexico
Apr. 10, 1981  Latin American Challenges
May 05, 1978  Central America and the U.S.A.
Sep. 23, 1977  Mexican-U.S. Relations
Jun. 04, 1976  Relations with Latin America
Oct. 21, 1970  Chile's Embattled Democracy
Jun. 24, 1970  Mexico's Election and the Continuing Revolution
Apr. 02, 1969  Economic Nationalism in Latin America
Jul. 19, 1967  Guerrilla Movements in Latin America
Dec. 28, 1966  Militarism in Latin America
Oct. 20, 1965  Common Market for Latin America
Aug. 04, 1965  Smoldering Colombia
Jun. 23, 1965  Inter-American Peacekeeping
Dec. 11, 1963  Progress of the Alianza
Oct. 05, 1962  Arms Aid to Latin America
Dec. 13, 1961  Land and Tax Reform in Latin America
Jul. 26, 1961  Commodity Agreements for Latin America
Jan. 11, 1961  Revolution in the Western Hemisphere
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Feb. 10, 1960  Inter-American System
Jan. 13, 1960  Expropriation in Latin America
Jul. 02, 1958  Economic Relations with Latin America
Mar. 02, 1954  Communism in Latin America
Jun. 20, 1952  Political Unrest in Latin America
Sep. 18, 1950  War Aid from Latin America
Oct. 31, 1947  Arming the Americas
Jul. 24, 1946  Inter-American Security
Jan. 02, 1942  Latin America and the War
Jul. 10, 1941  Export Surpluses and Import Needs of South America
Jun. 04, 1941  Economic Defense of Latin America
Jun. 25, 1940  Politics in Mexico
Nov. 01, 1939  Pan American Political Relations
Oct. 10, 1939  United States Trade with Latin America
Apr. 07, 1938  Protection of American Interests in Mexico
Mar. 04, 1936  Peace Machinery in the Americas
Sep. 27, 1933  Trade Relations with Latin America
Oct. 16, 1928  Pan American Arbitration Conference
Jan. 12, 1928  The Sixth Pan American Conference
Jan. 10, 1927  American Policy in Nicaragua
Dec. 27, 1926  Relations Between Mexico and the United States
Regional Political Affairs: Latin America and the Caribbean