The United States and Japan's New Order in Asia

December 9, 1939

Report Outline
Abrogation of Trade Treaty with Japan
Japanese-American Relations Since 1933
Embargo Agitation; Effects of an Embargo
Alternative Solutions of Far East Problem

Abrogation of Trade Treaty with Japan

The Unsatisfactory Status of Japanese-American Relations, Under Strain Since Japan's Invasion of Manchuria in 1931, Was Signalized Last July by the Action of the American Government in Giving Notice of Its Intention to Abrogate the Japanese-American Commercial Treaty of 1911. While the Need of Revising Outmoded Provisions of the Treaty Was Cited Officially as the Reason for Its Denunciation, It Was Generally Assumed That the Administration's Decision Was Motivated by Political Factors. Termination of the Treaty January 26, 1940, at the End of the Required Six Months' Period of Notice, Will Remove an Obstacle to Application of an Embargo on Shipments of War Materials to Japan. Authority to Impose Such an Embargo Would Be Granted by Adoption of a Pending Joint Resolution Introduced April 27, 1939, by Senator Pittman (D., Nev.), Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee.

Reports that the United States had initiated, or was about to initiate, negotiations for a new commercial treaty with Japan were denied, November 22, by Acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles, who explained that “such matters will depend upon developments.” Denunciation of the old treaty was interpreted at the time as signifying administration support of the Pittman resolution, but it has been asserted recently that American officials now desire to avoid a revival of congressional demands for an export embargo. Pittman said, November 25, however, that he would urge adoption of his resolution at the next session of Congress.

United States And The Western Powers In China

Conclusion of the Russo-German agreement and the outbreak of the European war tended diplomatically to isolate Japan, partner of Germany and Italy in the Anti-Comintern pact, and correspondingly to improve the bargaining position of the United States, The fact that Ambassador Grew saw fit to deliver a sharply worded speech in Tokyo, October 19, indicated that this country intended to take full advantage of the current situation in efforts to exact full observance by Japan of American rights in China.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jul. 26, 2002  Japan in Crisis
May 31, 1991  The U.S. And Japan
Apr. 09, 1982  Tensions in U.S.-Japanese Relations
Jul. 01, 1977  Japanese Elections
Mar. 04, 1970  Emergent Japan
Jun. 25, 1969  Okinawa Question
Jan. 05, 1966  Rising Japanese Nationalism
Jun. 02, 1960  Japan: Disturbed Ally
Nov. 18, 1959  Japanese Competition in International Trade
May 11, 1955  Relations With Japan
Nov. 03, 1954  Japan's Economy
Jan. 09, 1952  Trade with Japan
Feb. 28, 1951  Japan and Pacific Security
Sep. 19, 1947  Peace with Japan
Aug. 14, 1945  Emperor of Japan
Nov. 03, 1944  Russo-Japanese Relations
Dec. 09, 1939  The United States and Japan's New Order in Asia
Dec. 05, 1938  Japan and the Open Door Policy
Apr. 29, 1935  Japanese Foreign Trade Expansion
May 11, 1934  Japanese Policy in Asia
Oct. 12, 1932  Japanese-American Relations
Mar. 17, 1932  Boycotts and Embargoes
Feb. 10, 1932  Militarism Vs. Liberalism in Japan
Conflicts in Asia
Export Sanctions and Restrictions
Regional Political Affairs: East Asia and the Pacific
War and Conflict
World War II