Immigration and Deportation

April 18, 1939

Report Outline
Pending Proposals to Amend Immigration Laws
Development of American Immigration Policy
Trends in European Immigration, 1921–1938
Deportation Policies of Federal Government

Pending Proposals to Amend Immigration Laws

Mounting Apprehension over the spread of non-democratic political doctrines among foreign-born groups in the United States has resulted in the introduction in Congress of a flood of proposals not only for the regulation of the activities of alien political groups but for drastic modification of existing immigration and deportation statutes. One such measure, offered by Rep. Dempsey (D., N. M.), was approved by unanimous vote of the House, without debate, on March 23, although it had been vigorously condemned by the American Civil Liberties Union. The Dempsey bill, now under consideration by the Senate Immigration Committee, provides for the exclusion or deportation of aliens who believe in or advocate, or who are affiliated with an organization that believes in or advocates, “the making of any changes in the American form of government”

Other proposals for modification of federal immigration and deportation laws include a bill offered by Rep. Pace (D., Ga.) for a complete stoppage of immigration next December 31 and for deportation of all aliens in the country on that date, a bill sponsored by Senator Reynolds (D., N. C.) and Rep. Starnes (D., Ala.) providing for immediate deportation of “any alien or group of aliens whose presence in the United States is inimical to the public interest,” several proposals for reduction of existing immigration quotas, and numerous measures for registration and fingerprinting of aliens.

Grounded on a growing fear of “hyphenism” and alien political agitation, most of the pending proposals for changes in the immigration laws call for more stringent restrictions than those now in force. At the same time, however, the spread of fascism in Europe and the intensification of oppressive measures against racial and political minorities in fascist countries has led to the introduction of a number of proposals for lifting existing barriers against immigration. Chief among proposals of this type are the bill sponsored by Senator Wagner (D., N. Y.) and Rep. Rogers (R., Mass.) to allow 20,000 German refugee children to enter the United States during the next two years and a bill by Rep, Celler (D., N. Y.) which would authorize the President to modify existing immigration quotas where necessary to permit the admission of political, racial, or religious refugees from foreign countries.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Immigration and Naturalization
Mar. 19, 2021  Immigration Overhaul
Feb. 24, 2017  Immigrants and the Economy
Sep. 02, 2016  U.S.-Mexico Relations
Oct. 23, 2015  Immigrant Detention
Sep. 27, 2013  Border Security
Mar. 09, 2012  Immigration Conflict
Dec. 2010  Europe's Immigration Turmoil
Sep. 19, 2008  America's Border Fence
Feb. 01, 2008  Immigration Debate Updated
May 04, 2007  Real ID
May 06, 2005  Illegal Immigration
Jul. 14, 2000  Debate Over Immigration
Jan. 24, 1997  The New Immigrants
Feb. 03, 1995  Cracking Down on Immigration
Sep. 24, 1993  Immigration Reform
Apr. 24, 1992  Illegal Immigration
Jun. 13, 1986  Immigration
Dec. 10, 1976  Illegal Immigration
Dec. 13, 1974  The New Immigration
Feb. 12, 1964  Immigration Policy Revision
Feb. 06, 1957  Immigration Policy
Nov. 27, 1951  Emigration from Europe
Feb. 09, 1945  Immigration to Palestine
Sep. 30, 1940  Forced Migrations
Apr. 18, 1939  Immigration and Deportation
Jul. 27, 1931  Deportation of Aliens
Mar. 12, 1929  The National-Origin Immigration Plan
Aug. 19, 1927  Immigration from Canada and Latin America
Nov. 01, 1926  Quota Control and the National Origin System
Jul. 12, 1924  Immigration and its Relation to Political and Economic Theories and Party Affiliation
Immigration and Naturalization
Outsourcing and Immigration