Roosevelt Policies in Practice

September 25, 1936

Report Outline
The Campaign and the Roosevelt Record
Industrial and Agricultural Recovery Programs
Changing Relief Policies: Social Security
Monetary and Tax Policies: Deficits and Economy
Reform of Business by Regulation and Yardstick
Tariffs, Foreign Policy, and Neutrality

The Campaign and the Roosevelt Record

Experiments undertaken and reforms instituted by the Roosevelt administration since March 4, 1933, have stirred up more general controversy over the respective powers and prerogatives of the state and federal governments than has occurred at any time since before the Civil War. The President's championship of the exercise of federal power in attempts to cure national ills and promote recovery has evoked from adherents of “rugged individualism” charges of “regimentation” and of undue centralization of authority at Washington. Coincidentally, there has been evidenced in some quarters a feeling of personal resentment against the Chief Executive that is reminiscent of the bitterness once displayed toward Woodrow Wilson.

While the current presidential campaign has scarcely fulfilled Postmaster General Farley's prediction of last January that it would be “the bitterest and certainly the dirtiest political struggle that any of us here can remember,” the Roosevelt policies are now in the normal course of events the subject of vigorous attack and staunch defense. In the midst of campaign oratory and extravagance, it is instructive to recall the original statements of those policies and, through an examination of the record, to trace the extent to which they have been carried out, modified, or reversed.

Reform and Recovery as Objectives of New Deal

Almost all of the outstanding legislative measures supported by the administration have been advocated for the purpose of instituting a reform of one sort or another or of promoting economic recovery. In some instances, as in that of N. R. A., reform and recovery have been objectives of equal importance, but by and large reform has been the dominant motive underlying the policies and acts of the President. In public speeches and statements he has constantly emphasized that aspect of his efforts. To his mind, in fact, reform was essential to the achievement of enduring recovery. In his letter to Roy W. Howard on September 2, 1935, announcing a “breathing spell” for business, he said:

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
New Deal, Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
Feb. 20, 2009  Public-Works Projects
Jul. 25, 1986  New Deal for the Family
Apr. 04, 1973  Future of Social Programs
Nov. 18, 1944  Postwar Public Works
Apr. 12, 1941  Public Works in the Post-Emergency Period
Mar. 08, 1940  Integration of Utility Systems
Feb. 26, 1938  The Permanent Problem of Relief
Jun. 08, 1937  Experiments in Price Control
Jan. 05, 1937  Credit Policy and Control of Recovery
Nov. 27, 1936  New Deal Aims and the Constitution
Oct. 16, 1936  Father Coughlin vs. the Federal Reserve System
Sep. 25, 1936  Roosevelt Policies in Practice
Feb. 11, 1936  Conditional Grants to the States
Dec. 11, 1935  Capital Goods Industries and Recovery
Sep. 25, 1935  Unemployment Relief Under Roosevelt
Jul. 17, 1935  The R.F.C. Under Hoover and Roosevelt
Jul. 03, 1935  Six Months of the Second New Deal Congress
Jun. 04, 1935  The Supreme Court and the New Deal
Mar. 05, 1935  Public Works and Work Relief
Feb. 16, 1935  Organized Labor and the New Deal
Dec. 04, 1934  Rural Electrification and Power Rates
Oct. 26, 1934  Federal Relief Programs and Policies
Jul. 25, 1934  Distribution of Federal Emergency Expenditures
Jul. 17, 1934  Debt, Credit, and Recovery
May 25, 1934  The New Deal in the Courts
Mar. 27, 1934  Construction and Economic Recovery
Mar. 19, 1934  Price Controls Under N.R.A.
Feb. 15, 1934  Federal Promotion of State Unemployment Insurance
Jan. 10, 1934  Government and Business After the Depression
Jan. 02, 1934  The Adjustment of Municipal Debts
Dec. 12, 1933  The Machine and the Recovery Program
Dec. 05, 1933  Winter Relief, 1933–1934
Nov. 11, 1933  Power Policies of the Roosevelt Administration
Oct. 28, 1933  Buying Power under the Recovery Program
Oct. 19, 1933  Land Settlement for the Unemployed
Sep. 20, 1933  The Capital Market and the Securities Act
Jul. 18, 1933  Public Works and National Recovery
Jul. 01, 1933  The Plan for National Industrial Control
May 03, 1933  Economic Readjustments Essential to Prosperity
Apr. 26, 1933  Government Subsidies to Private Industry
Mar. 25, 1933  Rehabilitation of the Unemployed
Feb. 17, 1933  Federal Cooperation in Unemployment Relief
Nov. 16, 1932  Systems of Unemployment Compensation
Nov. 09, 1932  Policies of the New Administration
Aug. 18, 1932  Emergency Relief Construction and Self-Liquidating Projects
Dec. 28, 1931  Relief of Unemployment
Aug. 01, 1931  National Economic Planning
Jul. 20, 1931  Dividends and Wages in Periods of Depression
Feb. 19, 1931  Insurance Against Unemployment
Jan. 19, 1931  Business Failures and Bankruptcy Administration
Jan. 01, 1931  Federal Subsidies to the States
Dec. 08, 1930  Federal Relief of Economic Distress
Sep. 25, 1930  The Extent of Unemployment
May 16, 1930  Politics and Depressions
Dec. 20, 1929  The Federal Public Works Program
Jun. 08, 1929  The Federal Reserve System and Stock Speculation
Apr. 14, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Price Stabilization
Feb. 25, 1928  The Federal Reserve System and Brokers' Loans
Economic Crises
Powers and History of the Presidency