Japanese Foreign Trade Expansion

April 29, 1935

Report Outline
Movement for Restriction of Imports from Japan
Japan's Trade with the United States
Basic Factors in Rise of Japan's Exports
Low Labor Costs in Japanese Industry
Japanese Competition in Foreign Markets
Special Focus

Movement for Restriction of Imports from Japan

Chaotic Conditions in the American cotton textile industry, manifested in depressed prices, mill shutdowns, and drastic curtailments of production, are held by textile manufacturers to be largely due to the considerable increase during recent months in imports of cotton cloth from Japan. Demands by textile interests that higher tariff duties or import quotas, or both, be imposed on Japanese textiles have been reinforced with similar demands from manufacturers of pottery, woolens, and other products, and in the last few weeks a strong movement has developed to exclude Japanese products from the American market.

Present agitation in the United States for restraints on Japanese competition is symptomatic of the world-wide trade war that has been waged against Japan during the last three years as a result of the rapid expansion of Japan's export trade. Higher tariffs or import quotas have been established for Japanese goods since 1932 by Great Britain, Canada, India, China, Turkey, 11 Latin American states, and other countries. Similar action was taken this month in the Dutch East Indies, where Japanese trade with the Dutch colony in 1933 and 1934 exceeded the latter's trade with the Netherlands.

In the last two years, action has been taken by the United States to restrict imports of a number of Japanese products. In recent weeks, formal complaints have been filed under Section 3 (e) of the National Industrial Recovery Act against imports of Japanese bleached cotton goods, cotton fish nets, and velveteens. Under this section of the N. I. R. A., the President is authorized to restrict the importation of foreign goods when such imports are believed to constitute a threat to the maintenance of N. R. A. codes or agreements.

ISSUE TRACKER for Related Reports
Jul. 26, 2002  Japan in Crisis
May 31, 1991  The U.S. And Japan
Apr. 09, 1982  Tensions in U.S.-Japanese Relations
Jul. 01, 1977  Japanese Elections
Mar. 04, 1970  Emergent Japan
Jun. 25, 1969  Okinawa Question
Jan. 05, 1966  Rising Japanese Nationalism
Jun. 02, 1960  Japan: Disturbed Ally
Nov. 18, 1959  Japanese Competition in International Trade
May 11, 1955  Relations With Japan
Nov. 03, 1954  Japan's Economy
Jan. 09, 1952  Trade with Japan
Feb. 28, 1951  Japan and Pacific Security
Sep. 19, 1947  Peace with Japan
Aug. 14, 1945  Emperor of Japan
Nov. 03, 1944  Russo-Japanese Relations
Dec. 09, 1939  The United States and Japan's New Order in Asia
Dec. 05, 1938  Japan and the Open Door Policy
Apr. 29, 1935  Japanese Foreign Trade Expansion
May 11, 1934  Japanese Policy in Asia
Oct. 12, 1932  Japanese-American Relations
Mar. 17, 1932  Boycotts and Embargoes
Feb. 10, 1932  Militarism Vs. Liberalism in Japan
Bilateral and Regional Trade
Import Quotas and Customs